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Table 4 Population attributable risks for poor self-rated health by multiple comorbiditiesa

From: Association between multiple comorbidities and self-rated health status in middle-aged and elderly Chinese: the China Kadoorie Biobank study

  Global SRH (Total n = 512,889) Age-comparative SRH (Total n = 175,980)
PAR 95% CI PAR 95% CI
Cardiometabolic diseases
 Coronary heart disease 4.44 4.14, 4.75 9.51 8.84, 10.25
 Rheumatic heart disease 0.40 0.30, 0.51 0.92 0.67, 1.25
 Stroke 3.20 2.92, 3.46 10.19 9.30, 11.14
 Hypertension 7.84 7.26, 8.13 13.79 13.02, 14.78
 Diabetes 4.35 4.08, 4.62 10.71 10.05, 11.32
Respiratory diseases
 Tuberculosis 0.71 0.61, 0.83 1.28 1.08, 1.51
 Emphysema/bronchitis 3.67 3.43, 3.93 7.81 7.19, 8.46
 Asthma 0.57 0.48, 0.68 1.41 1.15, 1.71
Musculoskeletal diseases
 Fracture 0.69 0.48, 0.89 1.23 0.89, 1.56
 Rheumatoid arthritis 1.69 1.53, 1.87 3.34 2.99, 3.73
Mental diseases
 Depressive Symptoms 1.05 0.91, 1.20 1.79 1.49, 2.12
 Psychiatric disorders 0.43 0.35, 0.52 1.40 1.10, 1.76
 Neurasthenia 1.25 1.11, 1.39 2.40 2.09, 2.74
Digestive diseases
 Cirrhosis/chronic hepatitis 0.80 0.70, 0.92 2.05 1.75, 2.37
 Peptic ulcer 2.62 2.44, 2.84 5.42 5.00, 5.87
 Gallstone/gallbladder disease 3.44 3.22, 3.72 6.65 6.18, 7.12
Cancer 0.77 0.66, 0.90 2.66 2.22, 3.17
Other diseases
 Kidney disease 0.92 0.81, 1.05 1.87 1.63, 2.14
 Head injury 0.21 0.13, 0.29 0.57 0.42, 0.73
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence intervals, PAR population attributable risks
  2. aNote that the prevalences of these diseases and symptoms overlap and therefore the population attributable risks cannot be summed up but should be considered as relative