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Table 3 Multiple comorbidities associated with age-comparative self-rated health statusa

From: Association between multiple comorbidities and self-rated health status in middle-aged and elderly Chinese: the China Kadoorie Biobank study

  Model 1b Model 2c Model 3d
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Cardiometabolic diseases
 Coronary heart disease 5.21 4.91, 5.53 5.23 4.93, 5.56 4.48 4.21, 4.78
 Rheumatic heart disease 6.84 5.29, 8.83 6.35 4.91, 8.22 6.17 4.72, 8.06
 Stroke 8.06 7.43, 8.75 7.40 6.81, 8.04 7.56 6.93, 8.25
 Hypertension 1.46 1.43, 1.49 1.57 1.54, 1.61 1.47 1.44, 1.51
 Diabetes 3.12 2.99, 3.25 3.12 2.99, 3.25 3.03 2.89, 3.16
Respiratory diseases
 Tuberculosis 2.06 1.91, 2.21 1.93 1.79, 2.08 1.87 1.73, 2.03
 Emphysema/bronchitis 4.50 4.22, 4.79 4.21 3.95, 4.49 4.27 3.99, 4.57
 Asthma 4.79 4.18, 5.48 4.53 3.95, 5.19 3.60 3.11, 4.17
Musculoskeletal diseases
 Fracture 1.17 1.13, 1.22 1.21 1.17, 1.26 1.18 1.13, 1.23
 Rheumatoid arthritis 2.90 2.72, 3.10 2.95 2.76, 3.16 2.67 2.49, 2.87
Mental diseases
 Depressive Symptoms 4.65 4.11, 5.27 4.52 3.98, 5.12 3.85 3.37, 4.39
 Psychiatric disorders 5.73 4.78, 6.86 5.45 4.55, 6.54 4.83 4.00, 5.83
 Neurasthenia 4.08 3.73, 4.46 3.99 3.65, 4.37 3.22 2.92, 3.54
Digestive diseases
 Cirrhosis/chronic hepatitis 3.02 2.75, 3.31 2.77 2.52, 3.04 2.73 2.47, 3.01
 Peptic ulcer 2.57 2.45, 2.70 2.44 2.33, 2.57 2.47 2.35, 2.60
 Gallstone/gallbladder disease 2.36 2.26, 2.45 2.34 2.25, 2.44 2.18 2.09, 2.27
Cancer 6.09 5.25, 7.07 5.17 4.45, 6.01 6.46 5.54, 7.54
Other diseases
 Kidney disease 2.65 2.46, 2.86 2.60 2.41, 2.80 2.29 2.12, 2.48
 Head injury 1.56 1.43, 1.70 1.60 1.47, 1.75 1.52 1.38, 1.67
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence intervals, OR odds ratio
  2. aParticipants answering “don’t know” (n = 15,691) and “about the same” (n = 321,218) for the age-comparative self-rated health status question were excluded from the analysis, leaving 175,980 participants in this analysis
  3. bModel 1: adjusted for age, sex, study location, marital status, education level, income and occupation
  4. cModel 2: model 1 plus cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, BMI and family history of five disease (stroke, heart attack, diabetes, mental disorders and cancer)
  5. dModel 3: model 2 plus all comorbidities in the same model