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Table 4 Coinfection cases of Malaria, Dengue and Chikungunya

From: Global prevalence and distribution of coinfection of malaria, dengue and chikungunya: a systematic review

S.No. Citations Place Year Study design N Positive for coinfection Coinfection (%) Age Diagnostic test ML/DN/CK Remarks
South Asia
1. Abdullah [117] Delhi,
India
2016 Case report 1 1 NA 21 Blood smear, RDT/PCR/IgM ELISA, PCR P. vivax, DENV3
2. Gupta [118] Delhi,
India
2017 Case report 1 1 NA 55 RDT/NS1, IgM ELISA/PCR P. falciparum
3. Mørch [34] Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Anantpur, Tamilnadu India April 2011–Nove 2012 Cross sectional 1564 2 0.1 34 mean age Blood smear/IgM, NS1 ELISA/IgM ELISA NM
4. Tazeen [119] Delhi,
India
2016 Case report 1 1 NA 3 Blood smear /PCR/PCR P. vivax
Africa
5. Dariano [50] Bo, Sierra Leone 2012–2013 Cross sectional 1260 4 0.3 All ages RDTs/IgM, IgG, NS1 ELISA/IgM ELISA NM
6. Raut [120] India
Infected in Nigeria
2014 Case report 1 1 NA 21 Blood smear / NS1 ELISA, PCR/PCR P. falciparum
  1. N – sample size, ML/DN/CK – Malaria/Dengue/Chikungunya coinfection, ELISA – Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, NS1 - Dengue non-structural protein −1, PCR – Polymerase Chain reaction, RDT – rapid diagnostic test, NA – not applicable, NM-not mentioned