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Table 3 Coinfection cases of Malaria and Chikungunya

From: Global prevalence and distribution of coinfection of malaria, dengue and chikungunya: a systematic review

S.No. Citations Place Year Study design N Positive for coinfection Coinfection(%) Age Diagnostic test ML/CK Remarks
South Asia
1. Mørch [34] Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Anantpur, Tamilnadu April 2011–Nov 2012 Cross sectional 1564 20 1.3 34 mean age IgM, NS1 ELISA/IgM ELISA NM
Africa
2. Ayorinde [46] Ogun, Nigeria April-May 2014 Cross sectional 60 9 15 All ages Blood smear, RDT, PCR/IgM ELISA P. falciparum
3. Baba [47] Nigeria July-Dec. 2008 Cross sectional 310 21 6.7 All ages Blood smear /PRNT P. falciparum
4. Chipwaza [49] Morogoro, Tanzania March–May and Aug-Oct. 2013 Cross sectional 364 2 0.6 2–13 years Blood smear / IgM and IgG ELISA, NM
5. Dariano [50] Bo, Sierra Leone 2012–2013 Cross sectional 1260 118 9 All ages RDTs/IgM ELISA NM
6. Mugabe [116] Quelimane Mozambique Feb-June 2016 Cross Sectional 163 2 1.2 28 median age RDT /IgM ELISA, PCR NM
7. Sow [53] Kedougou, Senegal July 2009–March 2013 Cross sectional 13,845 3 0.02 All ages Blood smear, RDT/ IgM ELISA, PCR P. falciparum
  1. N – sample size, ML/CK- Malaria/Chikungunya coinfection, ELISA – Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, NS1 - Dengue non-structural protein −1, PCR – Polymerase Chain reaction, RDT – rapid diagnostic test, PRNT – Plaque reduction neutralisation test, NM – not mentioned