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Table 2 Association of job insecurity with impaired SRH at follow-up (n = 4356)

From: The impact of job insecurity on long-term self-rated health – results from the prospective population-based MONICA/KORA study

Risk factor Model 1
OR (95% CI)
Model 2
OR (95% CI)
Model 3
OR (95% CI)
Model 4
OR (95% CI)
Job Insecurity 1.20 (1.02–1.42)* 1.22 (1.03–1.44)* 1.22 (1.03–1.44)* 1.20 (1.01–1.43)*
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Age (years) 1.04 (1.03–1.05)*** 1.04 (1.03–1.05)*** 1.04 (1.03–1.05)*** 1.04 (1.02–1.05)***
 Male gender 0.97 (0.81–1.15) 1.02 (0.85–1.22) 1.05 (0.87–1.26) 1.08 (0.89–1.30)
 Low educational level 1.54 (1.28–1.86)*** 1.42 (1.18–1.72)*** 1.42 (1.17–1.72)*** 1.34 (1.10–1.64)**
Lifestyle characteristics
 Smoking   1.67 (1.38–2.01)*** 1.67 (1.38–2.01)*** 1.66 (1.38–2.01)***
 Moderate alcohol consumptiona   0.95 (0.76–1.19) 0.96 (0.77–1.20) 0.97 (0.77–1.21)
 High alcohol consumptiona   1.03 (0.81–1.31) 1.03 (0.81–1.31) 1.02 (0.80–1.30)
 Obesity   1.78 (1.42–2.23)*** 1.70 (1.36–2.14)*** 1.66 (1.32–2.09)***
 Physical inactivity   1.23 (1.04–1.46)* 1.23 (1.04–1.46)* 1.20 (1.01–1.43)*
Chronic cardiometabolic diseases b    1.24 (1.02–1.49)* 1.25 (1.04–1.51)*
Work characteristics
 Overtime     0.97 (0.79–1.19)
 Shift work     1.03 (0.75–1.40)
 Night work     0.81 (0.56–1.16)
 Physical labour     1.28 (1.07–1.54)**
 c-statistic 0.67 0.70 0.70 0.71
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; areference category: no alcohol consumption; bdiabetes, myocardial infarction, stroke or hypertension
  2. All models additionally include SRH at baseline and survey as covariates, estimates are not shown