Skip to main content

Table 2 Associations between anthropometric indices and incident type 2 diabetes, Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (1999–2015)

From: Optimal cut-points of different anthropometric indices and their joint effect in prediction of type 2 diabetes: results of a cohort study

  Univariate model Model 1b Model 2c
HRa (95% CI) P-value HR (95% CI) P-value HR (95% CI) P-value
Men
 BMI (kg/m2) 1.69 (1.54–1.85) < 0.001 1.37 (1.24–1.51) < 0.001 1.48 (1.31–1.68) < 0.001
 WC (cm) 1.69 (1.52–1.87) < 0.001 1.35 (1.21–1.50) < 0.001 1.43 (1.26–1.64) < 0.001
 WHtR 1.66 (1.51–1.83) < 0.001 1.36 (1.23–1.50) < 0.001 1.39 (1.24–1.55) < 0.001
 WHR 1.52 (1.38–1.67) < 0.001 1.27 (1.14–1.41) < 0.001 1.26 (1.13–1.40) < 0.001
 HC (cm) 1.52 (1.38–1.67) < 0.001 1.25(1.14–1.37) < 0.001 0.92(0.80–1.06) 0.304
Women
 BMI (kg/m2) 1.74 (1.60–1.89) < 0.001 1.42 (1.30–1.56) < 0.001 1.41 (1.27–1.57) < 0.001
 WC (cm) 1.90 (1.74–2.08) < 0.001 1.48 (1.34–1.64) < 0.001 1.46 (1.30–1.64) < 0.001
 WHtR 1.93 (1.76–2.12) < 0.001 1.51 (1.37–1.68) < 0.001 1.47 (1.32–1.64) < 0.001
 WHR 1.57 (1.44–1.71) < 0.001 1.30 (1.19–1.42) < 0.001 1.27 (1.16–1.39) < 0.001
 HC (cm) 1.46 (1.35–1.58) < 0.001 1.24(1.14–1.35) < 0.001 1.11(1.00–1.24) 0.043
  1. aPer 1 SD increase for each index (SD of WC = 11.13, BMI = 4.08, HC = 7.16, WHR = 0.06, WHtR = 0.06 in men and WC = 12.31, BMI = 4.90, HC = 9.51, WHR = 0.07, WHtR = 0.08 in women)
  2. bAdjusted for age (in time-scale manner), education level, family history of type 2 diabetes, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, and triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio
  3. cAdjusted for model 1 variables and wrist circumference
  4. HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHtR waist to height ratio, WHR waist to hip ratio, HC hip circumference