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Table 5 Socio-demographic factors associated with clustering of cardiovascular risk factors three or more

From: Prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in rural Nepalese population aged 40–80 years

Characteristics Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Sex
 Female Refa Ref
 Male 1.60 (1.02–2.51) 1.53 (0.80–2.93)
Age
 40–49 Ref Ref
 50–59 1.27 (0.75–2.14) 1.39 (0.79–2.45)
 60–69 1.89 (1.01–3.53)a 2.31 (1.13–4.72)a
 70–79 0.88 (0.40–1.83) 0.94 (0.38–2.31)
Level of Education
 No formal education Ref Ref
 Primary 0.78 (0.46–1.33) 0.80 (0.36–1.77)
  ≥ Secondary 0.95 (0.49–1.85) 0.87 (0.42–1.81)
Caste/Ethnicity
 Upper cast Refa Refa
 Janajati 0.55 (0.35–0.88)a 2.03 (0.71–5.82)
 Dalit 1.14 (0.42–3.09) 2.09 (1.28–3.43)a
Marital Status
 Married Ref Ref
 Widow or Widower 0.85 (0.38–1.89) 0.71 (0.29–1.74)
Occupation
 Employ Ref Ref
 Self employed 1.34 (0.60–3.00) 1.09 (0.46–2.62)
 Unemployed 0.93 (0.46–1.89) 0.80 (0.32–2.02)
 Retired 1.19 (0.43–3.34) 0.70 (0.22–2.16)
Economic status
 Higher(> NRs 8498) Ref Ref
 Poor (≤ NRs 8498) 1.16 (0.32–4.20) 1.22 (0.31–4.75)
  1. asignificant at the 0.05 level