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Table 1 Demographic and anthropometric characteristics of children (n = 402)

From: Relationships between parent feeding behaviors and parent and child characteristics in Brazilian preschoolers: a cross-sectional study

  M (SD)a n (%)
Parent characteristics
 Respondent
  Mother   376 (93.54)
  Father   26 (6.46)
 Parent age 36.42 (4.69)  
 Mother education
  < college complete   31 (7.71)
  college complete   371 (92.29)
 Father education
  < college complete   49 (12.34)
  college complete   348 (87.66)
 Mother BMIb 23.22 (3.44)  
 Mother weight statusc
  Overweight/obese   95 (23.99)
  Normal weight   286 (72.22)
  Underweight   15 (3.79)
 Father weight statusc
  Overweight/obese   277 (71.76)
  Normal weight   108 (27.98)
  Underweight   1 (0.26)
 Perceived responsibility for child feeding
  Never/seldom/half of the time/most of the time   180 (44.89)
  Always   221 (55.11)
 Concern about child overweight
  Concerned/fairly concerned/very concerned   205 (51.38)
  Unconcerned/a little concerned   194 (48.62)
 Concern about child underweight
  Fairly concerned/very concerned   205 (51.12)
  Concerned/a little concerned/unconcerned   196 (48.88)
Child characteristics
 Sex
  Male   195 (48.51)
  Female   207 (51.49)
 BMI z-scored
  Overweight/obese/extremely obese   97 (24.81)
  Normal weight/ underweight/ extremely underweight   294 (74.19)
 Ultra-processed food intakee
  Frequent consumption   259 (64.43)
  Infrequent consumption   143 (35.57)
 Traditional food intakef   
  Infrequent consumption   244 (60.70)
  Frequent consumption   158 (39.30)
Screen time (per day)
  > 2 h   152 (37.81)
  ≤2 h   250 (62.19)
  1. Bold indicates the risk category
  2. a mean (standard deviation); b BMI: body mass index.; c BMI cut-off ≥25.0 Kg/m2 for overweight/obese; d BMI z-score cut-off ≥ + 1 z-score for overweight/obese/extremely obese; e Frequent consumption = n (%) with score ≥ 33rd centile for variable (score ≥ 1.69) i.e. on average, consumed one or more of these foods within the last 7 days; f Infrequent consumption: n(%) with score ≤ 66th centile for variable (score ≤ 4.83) i.e. on average, did not consume any of these foods within the last 7 days