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Table 2 Summary of changes in time-loss years between 2004 and 2013, by sex, age group, injury type, and country

From: Age, sex, and the changing disability burden of compensated work-related musculoskeletal disorders in Canada and Australia

   Canada
MSDs Fractures MSDs of the back
% Change APC % Change APC % Change APC
Total Total −38.1 −19.6 −56.0
Male −35.9 0.5 (0.4 to 0.7) −21.7 −0.3 (−0.6 to 0.0) −56.6 0.1 (−0.2 to 0.3)
Female −42.0 −1.0 (−1.3 to −0.6) −12.2 1.0 (0.1 to 2.0) −55.1 −0.1 (−0.6 to 0.4)
15–34 Total −44.2 −0.7 (−1.5 to 0.1) −28.8 −1.0 (−2.1 to 0.1) −57.1 0.3 (−0.7 to 1.3)
Male −43.4 −0.4 (−1.2 to 0.5) −27.8 −1.1 (−2.1 to 0.0) −57.7 0.4 (−0.5 to 1.3)
Female −46.1 −1.5 (−2.4 to −0.5) −34.5 −0.8 (−3.3 to 1.6) −55.7 0.2 (−1.3 to 1.7)
35–54 Total −44.9 −1.4 (−1.7 to −1.0) −28.3 −1.3 (−1.9 to −0.9) −59.6 −1.2 (−1.6 to −0.8)
Male −42.8 −0.8 (−1.1 to −0.4) −30.7 −1.5 (−2.0 to −0.9) −60.6 −1.2 (−1.6 to −0.7)
Female −48.3 −2.3 (−2.9 to −1.7) −18.8 −0.9 (−2.5 to 0.7) −57.9 −1.2 (−2.0 to −0.5)
55+ Total −1.5 6.5 (6.1 to 6.8) 16.8 5.1 (4.0 to 6.1) −35.4 5.5 (4.4 to 6.5)
Male 4.0 7.2 (6.7 to 7.7) 19.3 5.0 (3.6 to 6.3) −33.5 5.6 (4.7 to 6.5)
Female −10.9 5.2 (4.5 to 5.9) 12.1 5.2 (3.8 to 6.7) −38.9 5.3 (3.4 to 7.2)
   Australia
MSDs Fractures MSDs of the back
% Change APC % Change APC % Change APC
Total Total −13.4 −11.5 −25.7
Male −12.6 −0.1 (−0.4 to 0.2) −15.6 −0.7 (−1.0 to −0.4) −25.8 −0.1 (−0.5 to 0.2)
Female −14.8 0.2 (−0.3 to 0.7) 0.2 2.1 (1.2 to 2.9) −25.6 0.3 (−0.4 to 0.9)
15–34 Total −24.8 −1.5 (−2.4 to −0.5) −25.9 −1.8 (−2.5 to −1.2) −32.3 −0.9 (−1.9 to 0.2)
Male −26.4 −1.8 (−2.8 to −0.8) −27.7 −2.1 (−2.9 to −1.4) −34.7 −1.2 (−2.4 to 0.0)
Female −21.1 −0.7 (−1.7 to 0.2) −17.3 −0.4 (−2.2 to 1.4) −25.9 0.1 (−0.5 to 0.6)
35–54 Total −18.2 −0.7 (−1.1 to −0.3) −12.9 −0.6 (−1.1 to 0.0) −28.0 −0.5 (−1.1 to 0.0)
Male −14.0 −0.5 (−0.9 to 0.0) −12.5 −0.8 (−1.6 to −0.1) −25.7 −0.4 (−1.3 to 0.4)
Female −23.7 −1.1 (−1.8 to −0.5) −13.8 0.1 (−0.6 to 0.9) −31.4 −0.7 (−1.5 to 0.1)
55+ Total 25.8 5.5 (4.9 to 6.2) 17.2 4.7 (3.6 to 5.7) 3.9 5.1 (4.1 to 6.1)
Male 19.5 4.5 (3.9 to 5.0) 2.2 2.7 (1.7 to 3.7) 0.3 4.4 (3.5 to 5.3)
Female 38.0 7.5 (6.2 to 8.9) 47.7 8.7 (6.6 to 10.8) 11.7 6.5 (4.4 to 8.6)
  1. MSDs refers to musculoskeletal disorders. % change refers to the absolute change in time-loss years for each subgroup between 2004 and 2013. Annual percent change (APC) refers to the slope estimate from the linear regression of the subgroup proportions of total time-loss years rescaled to 2004. 95% confidence intervals are in parentheses