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Table 1 Summary of changes in time-loss claims between 2004 and 2013, by sex, age group, injury type, and country

From: Age, sex, and the changing disability burden of compensated work-related musculoskeletal disorders in Canada and Australia

   Canada
MSDs Fractures MSDs of the back
% Change APC % Change APC % Change APC
Total Total −24.6 −14.8 −34.4
Male −28.9 −0.8 (−1.0 to −0.5) −20.3 −0.8 (−1.1 to −0.6) −37.7 −0.7 (−0.9 to −0.4)
Female −16.7 1.4 (0.9 to 1.8) 2.8 2.7 (1.8 to 3.5) −28.2 1.2 (0.8 to 1.7)
15–34 Total −34.0 −1.6 (−2.0 to −1.2) −26.3 −1.8 (−2.5 to −1.0) −40.4 −1.1 (−1.4 to −0.8)
Male −38.1 −2.2 (2.9 to −1.7) −28.8 −2.1 (−2.9 to −1.2) −44.2 −1.7 (−2.1 to −1.4)
Female −24.5 −0.1 (−0.5 to 0.3) −14.0 −0.1 (−1.1 to 0.9) −32.0 0.2 (−0.4 to 0.8)
35–54 Total −29.6 −0.7 (−0.9 to −0.4) −24.3 −1.2 (−1.4 to −0.9) −37.8 −0.5 (−0.7 to −0.3)
Male −33.0 −1.3 (−1.4 to −1.2) −28.2 −1.7 (−2.1 to −1.3) −40.3 −1.1 (−1.3 to −0.9)
Female −24.1 0.4 (−0.3 to 1.0) −12.2 0.5 (−0.5 to 1.5) −33.4 0.5 (−0.2 to 1.1)
55+ Total 29.5 8.2 (7.7 to 8.7) 38.7 7.3 (6.4 to 8.2) 8.4 7.4 (6.9 to 8.0)
Male 24.7 7.2 (6.8 to 7.6) 32.3 5.8 (4.8 to 6.8) 5.5 6.6 (6.1 to 7.1)
Female 36.8 9.7 (8.7 to 10.7) 49.9 9.8 (7.8 to 11.8) 13.2 8.8 (7.9 to 9.7)
   Australia
MSDs Fractures MSDs of the back
% Change APC % Change APC % Change APC
Total Total −20.5 −13.2 −30.8
Male −25.2 −0.8 (−1.1 to −0.6) −21.2 −1.0 (−1.2 to −0.8) −36.0 −1.0 (−1.2 to −0.7)
Female −11.9 1.5 (1.1 to 2.0) 9.1 2.8 (2.3 to 3.3) −20.3 2.0 (1.4 to 2.5)
15–34 Total −33.9 −1.9 (−2.4 to −1.5) −24.8 −1.7 (−2.0 to −1.3) −39.8 −1.4 (−1.8 to −1.0)
Male −37.5 −2.5 (−3.1 to −2.0) −29.6 −2.2 (−2.7 to −1.7) −44.4 −2.2 (−2.7 to −1.6)
Female −25.5 −0.5 (−0.8 to −0.3) −3.6 0.6 (−0.2 to 1.4) −27.6 0.5 (0.1 to 1.0)
35–54 Total −22.1 −0.2 (−0.5 to 0.0) −16.3 −0.5 (−0.7 to −0.3) −31.8 −0.2 (−0.5 to 0.1)
Male −24.7 −0.8 (−1.1 to −0.6) −20.6 −1.0 (−1.3 to −0.8) −35.4 −1.1 (−1.4 to −0.7)
Female −18.0 0.7 (0.0 to 1.4) −5.7 0.8 (0.4 to 1.3) −25.6 1.2 (0.5 to 2.0)
55+ Total 32.3 7.7 (7.3 to 8.1) 28.7 6.1 (5.2 to 7.0) 12.9 7.2 (6.8 to 7.6)
Male 19.1 5.6 (5.3 to 6.0) 8.8 3.5 (2.8 to 4.2) 0.8 5.1 (4.6 to 5.7)
Female 55.0 11.2 (10.3 to 12.1) 59.5 10.1 (8.4 to 11.8) 36.7 11.3 (10.4 to 12.2)
  1. MSDs refers to musculoskeletal disorders. % change refers to the absolute change in time-loss claims for each subgroup between 2004 and 2013. Annual percent change (APC) refers to the slope estimate from the linear regression of the subgroup proportions of total time-loss claims rescaled to 2004. 95% confidence intervals are in parentheses