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Table 2 Multivariable Cox regression analysis

From: Public rental housing and its association with mortality – a retrospective, cohort study

Variable Adjusted HR (95% CI) P-value
Patient demographics   
 Age 1.084 (1.082, 1.086) < 0.001
 Gender (Male) 1.581 (1.508, 1.658) < 0.001
 Ethnicity   
 Others Reference  
 Chinese 1.114 (1.009, 1.230) 0.033
 Indian 1.481 (1.353, 1.621) < 0.001
 Malay 1.041 (0.891, 1.217) 0.613
Social Determinants of Health
 Residing in Public Rental Housing 1.568 (1.469, 1.673) < 0.001
Past One Year of Healthcare Utilization
 ED visits 0.983 (0.964, 1.001) 0.071
 Specialist Clinic visits 1.015 (1.013, 1.017) < 0.001
 Hospital admissions 1.085 (1.060, 1.110) < 0.001
Medical Comorbiditiesa
 Diabetes without complications 1.249 (1.177, 1.326) < 0.001
 Hypertension 1.083 (1.011, 1.160) 0.001
 Hyperlipidaemia 0.653 (0.612, 0.698) 0.034
 Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3–4 1.308 (1.181, 1.449) < 0.001
 Asthma 0.869 (0.769, 0.983) 0.025
 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 1.391 (1.164, 1.663) < 0.001
 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease with cor pulmonale 1.032 (0.850, 1.254) 0.749
 Osteoarthritis 0.675 (0.632, 0.720) < 0.001
 Diabetes with complications 1.238 (1.113, 1.377) < 0.001
 Cerebrovascular accident 1.605 (1.502, 1.716) < 0.001
 Chronic kidney disease stage V or End-stage renal failure 1.546 (1.365, 1.752) < 0.001
 Depression 1.037 (0.914, 1.175) 0.575
 Schizophrenia 1.835 (1.501, 2.244) < 0.001
 Dementia 1.365 (1.191, 1.565) < 0.001
 Collagen vascular disease 1.191 (0.968, 1.464) 0.098
 Parkinson disease 1.589 (1.365, 1.850) < 0.001
 Epilepsy 1.792 (1.500, 2.140) < 0.001
 Coronary heart disease 1.244 (1.168, 1.326) < 0.001
 Atrial fibrillation 1.103 (0.993, 1.226) 0.066
 Heart failure 1.721 (1.580, 1.874) < 0.001
 Peripheral vascular disease 1.299 (1.155, 1.462) 0.809
 Hip fracture 1.434 (1.185, 1.736) < 0.001
 Spine fracture 1.031 (0.854, 1.245) 0.753
 Chronic liver disease 1.796 (1.564, 2.063) < 0.001
 Pressure ulcer 1.390 (1.155, 1.673) 0.001
 Malignancy 2.967 (2.786, 3.160) < 0.001
  1. HR Hazards ratio, ED emergency department, ICD international classification of diseases
  2. aBased on ICD codes in the preceding five years