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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis: odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for meeting the daily step count recommendations in non-overweight and overweight/obese children, separately for the mother-child and father-child pairs included in the model

From: Health-related parental indicators and their association with healthy weight and overweight/obese children’s physical activity

  Meeting daily step count recommendation
11,500 SC/day for preschoolers and 13,000/11000 SC/day for school-aged boys/girls
Families with non-overweight children Families with overweight/obese children
%a OR 95% CI %a OR 95% CI %a OR 95% CI %a OR 95% CI
Parent Mother in the model (n = 582) Father in the model (n = 357) Mother in the model (n = 125) Father in the model (n = 98)
 Step counts
   < 10,000 steps/day 38.7 Ref.   43.8 Ref.   27.6 Ref.   33.3 Ref.  
   ≥ 10,000 steps/day 67.1 3.50*** 2.29–5.34 68.0 2.41** 1.37–4.26 47.6 2.98* 1.16–7.65 57.8 1.29 0.42–3.91
 Screen time
   < 2 h per day 53.2 Ref.   59.2 Ref.   45.8 Ref.   48.1 Ref.  
   ≥ 2 h per day 50.8 0.98 0.59–1.65 52.7 0.99 0.56–1.78 15.8 0.14** 0.03–0.59 37.5 0.38 0.10–1.34
 Weight status
  Normal weight 52.9 Ref.   65.1 Ref.   32.9 Ref.   58.1 Ref.  
  Overweight/obesity 49.2 1.02 0.62–1.66 50.0 0.50* 0.28–0.89 35.5 1.09 0.43–2.77 37.0 0.42 0.13–1.34
 Organized PA
  No 49.7 Ref.   54.9 Ref.   35.8 Ref.   51.6 Ref.  
  Yes (≥1× per week) 56.0 1.10 0.71–1.71 56.1 0.62 0.34–1.12 34.1 0.53 0.17–1.62 39.3 0.46 0.13–1.65
Children
 Gender
  Boys 48.2 Ref.   52.3 Ref.   29.8 Ref.   35.6 Ref.  
  Girls 54.2 1.16 0.77–1.77 57.8 0.86 0.50–1.50 41.9 3.17* 1.22–8.26 53.1 3.82* 1.05–13.91
 School grade
  Preschool 55.1 Ref.   61.1 Ref.   42.9 Ref.   66.7 Ref.  
  1st-3rd grade 48.4 0.80 0.46–1.41 52.7 0.60 0.29–1.24 33.8 0.23 0.05–1.16 38.3 0.31 0.06–1.68
  4th–5th grade 51.7 0.95 0.58–1.56 53.4 0.72 0.38–1.37 33.1 0.32 0.07–1.42 41.3 0.70 0.13–3.72
 Entertainment ST
  Non-excessive 55.2 Ref.   58.4 Ref.   44.3 Ref.   47.7 Ref.  
  Excessive 46.6 0.75 0.45–1.23 48.6 0.55 0.29–1.05 24.4 0.29 0.07–1.17 37.9 0.80 0.22–2.85
 Organized PA
  No 41.8 Ref.   43.4 Ref.   27.9 Ref.   45.2 Ref.  
  Yes (≥1× per week) 57.6 1.80* 1.13–2.87 61.5 2.85*** 1.54–5.27 41.7 2.37 0.88–6.40 50.0 1.99 0.64–6.22
Nagelkerke R2   0.15***    0.17***    0.37***    0.27***  
  1. The models were adjusted for age category and gender of children
  2. Organized PA – structured/organized leisure-time physical activity (e.g. sports training) does not include lessons of physical education during school/kindergarten time
  3. Entertainment ST – sitting/lying while watching TV and sitting/lying in front of a PC (notebook, tablet, or smartphone) and not for school/work purposes (Excessive – more than 1 h/day for preschool children and more than 2 h/day for school-aged children; Non-excessive – less than the excessive amount)
  4. %a proportion of children (daughters, sons) who met the pedometer-based recommendation for daily step counts (a value of 11,500 steps/day for preschool children and a value of 13,000 steps/day for school-aged boys and 11,000 steps/day for school-aged girls) in the given area
  5. OR odds ratio, 95% CI confidence interval, Ref. reference group, R2 Nagelkerke coefficient of determination, logistic model, Enter method
  6. The statistical significance is expressed as *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001