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Table 1 Summary sample characteristics (N, %, mean (standard deviation))

From: Health-related parental indicators and their association with healthy weight and overweight/obese children’s physical activity

  Families with preschool children Families with school-aged children
Respondents addressed to participate 296 (100%) 1610 (100%)
Written consent obtained (%*) 223 (75.3%) 1112 (69.1%)
Initiating research (%*) 215 (72.6%) 1040 (64.6%)
The final set with valid data (%*) 185 (62.5%) 649 (40.3%)
    1st-3rd grade 4th–5th grade
Parent-child dyads   M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Mothers N 164 289 254
Age (years) 36.19 (4.20) 38.19 (4.04) 38.94 (4.05)
BMI (kg/m2) 24.02 (3.99) 23.42 (3.68) 23.91 (3.82)
Overweight 24.39% 19.04% 20.87%
Obese 9.76% 8.30% 7.87%
Fathers N 107 187 161
Age (years) 38.91 (5.29) 40.15 (4.25) 41.38 (5.22)
BMI (kg/m2) 26.04 (3.34) 26.81 (3.42) 26.64 (3.19)
Overweight 50.47% 49.20% 63.31%
Obese 11.21% 17.11% 14.91%
Girls N 88 173 159
Age (years) 5.59 (0.74) 7.92 (0.81) 10.61 (0.74)
BMI (kg/m2) 15.13 (2.41) 16.38 (2.51) 17.70 (3.00)
Overweight 9.09% 15.60% 13.83%
Obese 9.09% 6.94% 7.55%
Boys N 97 172 145
Age (years) 5.68 (0.73) 8.00 (0.84) 10.62 (0.75)
BMI (kg/m2) 15.41 (1.81) 16.65 (2.86) 17.67 (2.75)
Overweight 6.18% 15.12% 17.93%
Obese 9.28% 13.95% 8.28%
  1. %* – percent of the initial sample addressed
  2. % – overweight/obesity; overweight or obesity in children represents a BMI from the 85th to 97th or greater than the 97th percentile of the WHO growth charts [71, 72]. Overweight and obesity in parents represents a BMI from 25 kg/m2 to 29.9 kg/m2 and greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2, respectively [73]
  3. N number, M arithmetic mean, SD standard deviation, BMI Body mass index