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Table 5 Baseline characteristics: activated group vs. non-activated group, results bivariate logistic regression analyses

From: Characteristics of insufficiently active participants that benefit from health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) promotion programs implemented in the sports club setting

  Activated group Non-activated group P-valuea
Sample size (n) 86 75  
Demographic characteristics
 Gender n, (%)
  Female 43 (50.0) 42 (56.0) 0.40
  Male 43 (50.0) 33 (44.0)  
 Age, mean ± SD (years) 44 ± 10 43 ± 9 0.42
 Overweight (BMI ≥ 25) n, (%)b
  Yes 47 (54.7) 35 (46.7) 0.30
  No 39 (45.4) 40 (53.3)  
 Ethnicity n, (%)c
  Dutch 70 (94.6) 63 (91.3) 0.32
  Foreign 4 (5.4) 6 (8.7)  
 Chronic diseases n, (%)c
  Yes 12 (16.2) 11 (15.7) 0.85
  No 62 (83.8) 59 (84.3)  
 Education n, (%)c
  Low-average 41 (56.2) 36 (51.4) 0.47
  High 32 (43.8) 34 (48.6)  
Social factors
 Regular sports participation of most… n, (%)
 Family members
  Yes 55 (64.0) 56 (74.7) 0.14
  No 31 (36.1) 19 (25.3)  
 Friends
  Yes 59 (68.6) 56 (74.7) 0.43
  No 27 (31.4) 19 (25.3)  
 Supporting participant’s sport participation by most… n, (%)
 Family members
  Yes 54 (62.8) 32 (42.7) 0.02*
  No 32 (37.2) 43 (57.3)  
 Friends
  Yes 55 (64.0) 37 (49.3) 0.07
  No 31 (36.1) 38 (50.7)  
Sport history
 Participation in sport before program n, (%)
  Yes 45 (52.3) 42 (56.0) 0.83
  No 41 (47.7) 33 (44.0)  
 Member of a sports club n, (%)
  Yes 40 (46.5) 31 (41.3) 0.49
  No 46 (53.5) 44 (58.7)  
Physical activity
 Light-intensity PA, mean ± SD (min/week) 1940 ± 1601 1998 ± 1030 1.0
 Moderate-intensity PA, mean ± SD (min/week) 128 ± 191 70 ± 106 0.02*
 Vigorous-intensity PA, mean ± SD (min/week) 68 ± 87 51 ± 68 0.14
 Total time spent in PA, mean ± SD (min/week) 2136 ± 1610 2119 ± 1061 0.70
  1. BMI Body Mass Index, PA Physical activity, SD Standard deviation
  2. aP-value for difference between activated group and non-activated group based on bivariate logistic regression analyses. The potential associated characteristic was included as independent variable and group (activated group vs. non-activated group, with the latter as reference category) as dependent variable. Corrections were made for type of sporting program
  3. b BMI could not be calculated for one respondent
  4. c n < sample n, because questions were not mandatory. Consequently, not all participants completed these questions
  5. * Significant (p < 0.05) difference between activated group and non-activated group