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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of participants and changes in physical activity

From: Characteristics of insufficiently active participants that benefit from health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) promotion programs implemented in the sports club setting

  All sporting programs combined Start to Run Start2Bike Through 4 Days Marches
Sample size (n) 458 100 79 279
Demographic characteristics
 Gender n, (%)
  Female 261 (57.0) 70 (70.0) 26 (32.9) 165 (59.1)
  Male 197 (43.0) 30 (30.0) 53 (67.1) 114 (40.9)
 Age, mean ± SD (years) 45 ± 11 40 ± 10 45 ± 9 46 ± 11
 Overweight (BMI ≥ 25) n, (%)a
  Yes 201 (44.0) 40 (40.4) 33 (41.8) 128 (45.9)
  No 256 (56.0) 59 (59.6) 46 (58.2) 151 (54.1)
 Ethnicity n, (%)b
  Dutch 357 (93.7) 70 (88.6) 68 (95.8) 219 (94.8)
  Foreign 24 (6.3) 9 (11.4) 3 (4.2) 12 (5.2)
 Chronic diseases n, (%)b
  Yes 52 (13.6) 9 (11.4) 9 (12.5) 34 (14.7)
  No 331 (86.4) 70 (88.6) 63 (87.5) 198 (85.3)
 Education n, (%)b
  Low-average 224 (58.6) 42 (53.2) 36 (50.0) 146 (63.2)
  High 158 (41.4) 37 (46.8) 36 (50.0) 85 (36.8)
Social factors
 Regular sports participation of most… n, (%)
 Family members
  Yes 335 (73.1) 76 (76.0) 53 (67.1) 206 (73.8)
  No 123 (26.9) 24 (24.0) 26 (32.9) 73 (26.2)
 Friends
  Yes 354 (77.3) 78 (78.0) 54 (68.4) 222 (79.6)
  No 104 (22.7) 22 (22.0) 25 (31.7) 57 (20.4)
 Supporting participant’s sport participation by most… n, (%)
 Family members
  Yes 236 (51.5) 58 (58.0) 42 (53.2) 136 (48.8)
  No 222 (48.5) 42 (42.0) 37 (46.8) 143 (51.3)
 Friends
  Yes 238 (52.0) 52 (52.0) 38 (48.1) 148 (53.1)
  No 220 (48.0) 48 (48.0) 41 (51.9) 131 (47.0)
Sport history
 Participation in sport before program n, (%)
  Yes 325 (71.0) 55 (55.0) 53 (67.1) 217 (77.8)
  No 133 (29.0) 45 (45.0) 26 (32.9) 62 (22.2)
 Member of a sports club n, (%)
  Yes 229 (50.0) 47 (47.0) 37 (46.8) 145 (52.0)
  No 229 (50.0) 53 (53.0) 42 (53.2) 134 (48.0)
Physical activity
 Light-intensity PA, mean ± SD (min/week)
  Baseline 1939 ± 1348 1814 ± 1224 1940 ± 1313 1983 ± 1402
  After six months 1950 ± 1297 1947 ± 1043 1760 ± 1350 2004 ± 1362
 Moderate-intensity PA, mean ± SD (min/week)
  Baseline 370 ± 615 213 ± 453 329 ± 586 438 ± 662
  After six months 445 ± 638* 206 ± 369 300 ± 507 571 ± 712*
 Vigorous-intensity PA, mean ± SD (min/week)
  Baseline 275 ± 320 238 ± 250 358 ± 368 264 ± 325
  After six months 340 ± 345* 382 ± 306* 475 ± 405* 286 ± 328
 Total time spent in PA, mean ± SD (min/week)
  Baseline 2583 ± 1432 2265 ± 1251 2626 ± 1372 2685 ± 1497
  After six months 2734 ± 1400* 2536 ± 1210* 2535 ± 1372 2862 ± 1459*
 Active n, (%)
  Baseline 297 (64.9) 58 (58.0) 55 (69.6) 184 (66.0)
  After six months 352 (76.9)* 84 (84.0)* 64 (81.0)* 204 (73.1)*
  1. BMI Body Mass Index, PA Physical activity, SD Standard deviation
  2. a BMI could not be calculated for one respondent
  3. b n < sample n, because questions were not mandatory. Consequently, not all participants completed these questions
  4. * Significant (p < 0.05) difference: after six months vs. baseline