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Table 4 Factors associated with daily smoking by ethnicity and gender adjusting for age2

From: The prevalence of substance use among Russian, Somali and Kurdish migrants in Finland: a population-based study

  Russian Somali Kurdish General population
  Men Women Men Men Women Men Women
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age
 18–29 0.4 (0.18–0.83) 0.9 (0.36–2.34) 1.9 (0.63–5.74) 1.9 (1.05–3.41) 3.8 (0.72–19.67) 1.1 (0.59–2.17) 0.8 (0.46–1.47)
 30–45 0.7 (0.32–1.34) 1.3 (0.61–2.84) 0.9 (0.30–2.74) 1.2 (0.65–2.12) 5.0 (1.04–23.96) 1.1 (0.61–2.02) 1.3 (0.79–2.20)
 Over 45 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Marital status
 Married or cohabiting 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Other 3.6 (1.73–7.60) 1.5 (0.71–2.96) 7.0 (2.94–16.56) 1.8 (1.08–2.98) 1.3 (0.53–3.21) 1.5 (0.85–2.80) 2.2 (1.36–3.58)
Level of basic education
 High school 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Secondary school or less 3.3 (1.73–6.36) 1.6 (0.75–3.42) 5.1 (1.77–14.63) 1.2 (0.80–1.84) 0.6 (0.25–1.29) 3.4 (1.89–6.11) 2.5 (1.52–4.01)
Employment situation
 Employed 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Unemployed 1.5 (0.72–3.25) 1.6 (0.74–3.49) 0.6 (0.23–1.84) 1.7 (1.06–2.77) 1.5 (0.59–3.67) 4.0 (1.58–10.14) 2.5 (0.90–7.08)
 Economically inactive 1.2 (0.51–3.05) 0.05 (0.01–0.25) 0.2 (0.08–0.67) 0.7 (0.42–1.20) 0.2 (0.07–0.72) 0.96 (0.46–2.03) 0.5 (0.27–0.94)
Economic situation
 Satisfactory 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   
 Unsatisfactory 1.3 (0.67–2.36) 1.3 (0.66–2.55) 14.8 (4.34–50.63) 2.1 (1.30–3.32) 1.9 (0.66–5.38)   
Age at migration
 Adult 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   
 Underage 1.7 (0.54–5.23) 1.0 (0.43–2.43) 1.5 (0.52–4.20) 0.7 (0.39–1.25) 1.5 (0.70–3.03)   
Duration of residence in Finland
  ≤ 5 years 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   
  > 5 years 1.0 (0.47–2.15) 3.3 (1.13–9.36) 3.6 (1.11–11.58) 0.9 (0.52–1.40) 1.5 (0.57–4.17)   
Language proficiency
 Good 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   
 Fair or less 2.6 (1.21–5.41) 0.9 (0.44–1.99) 0.84 (0.30–2.35) 2.1 (1.32–3.19) 0.3 (0.13–0.78)   
  1. 2Statistically significant findings in bold