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Table 4 Association between independent factors and dengue prevention behaviour

From: Factors associated with dengue prevention behaviour in Lowokwaru, Malang, Indonesia: a cross-sectional study

Independent variables Dengue prevention behaviour P value
Need improvement Moderate and Good*
N (%) N (%)
Gender
 Male 30 (50%) 30 (50%) 0.007
 Female 48 (30.4%) 110 (69.6%)  
Age
  < 21 years 4 (80.0%) 1 (20.0%) 0.010**
 21–40 years 37 (44.6%) 46 (55.4%)  
 41–60 years 31 (31.0%) 69 (69.0%)  
  > 60 years 6 (20.0%) 24 (80.0%)  
Duration of stay in Malang (year)
 1–20 23 (52.3%) 21 (47.7%) 0.016
 21–40 31 (39.2%) 48 (60.8%)  
 40–60 20 (26.7%) 55 (73.3%)  
  > 60 4 (20.0%) 16 (80.0%)  
Number of family member (year)
 1–2 15 (68.2%) 7 (31.8%) 0.004
 3–4 34 (34.35) 65 (65.7%)  
  > 4 29 (30.5%) 66 (69.5%)  
Perception level
 Moderate 24 (61.5%) 15 (38.5%) 0.000
 Positive 54 (30.2%) 125 (69.8%)  
Perceive benefit level toward prevention behaviour
 Moderate 27 (51.9%) 25 (48.1%) 0.005
 Positive 51 (30.7%) 115 (69.3%)  
Perceive barrier level toward prevention behaviours
 Moderate 50 (51%) 48 (49%) 0.000
 Positive 28 (23.3%) 92 (76.7%)  
  1. *Moderate combined with good dengue prevention behaviour
  2. **Fisher’s exact test
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