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Table 4 The impact of non-completion of secondary education, municipal socioeconomic factors and their interactionsa on the probability of receiving disability pension (DP)

From: Non-completion of secondary education and early disability in Norway: geographic patterns, individual and community risks

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE
Fixed effects
Individual level
 Non-completion 2.2416*** 0.0329 1.0613* 0.4800 1.3491*** 0.2916 2.6458*** 0.1449 2.5850*** 0.1049
Neighbourhood level
 Rural settlement −0.3896*** 0.0404 −0.3894*** 0.0404 −0.3889*** 0.0404 −0.3896*** 0.0404 −0.3887*** 0.0404
Municipality level
 Socioeconomic factors
  Education 0.0226*** 0.0052 0.0074 0.0080 0.0221*** 0.0052 0.0225*** 0.0052 0.0224*** 0.0052
  Household income −4.14e-06*** 8.95e-07 −4.11e-06*** 8.95e-07 −6.20e-06*** 1.12e-06 −4.13e-06*** 8.96e-07 −4.09e-06*** 8.94e-07
  Unemployment −0.0286 0.0309 −0.0285 0.0308 −0.0283 0.0308 0.0760 0.0475 −0.0285 0.0308
  Social security benefits 0.0127 0.0107 0.0129 0.0107 0.0130 0.0107 0.0129 0.0108 0.0611*** 0.0175
  DP spatlag 0.0302** 0.0117 0.0303** 0.0117 0.0306** 0.0117 0.0300* 0.0117 0.0302** 0.0117
Interactions non-completion and municipality factors
 1*Education    0.0177* 0.0072       
 1*household income      2.60e-06** 8.47e-07     
 1*Unemployment        −0.1248** 0.0433   
 1* Social security benefits          −0.0572*** 0.0164
General contextual effects
 Neighbourhood variance 0.4214 0.0288 0.4206 0.0288 0.4201 0.0288 0.4213 0.0288 0.4206 0.0288
 PCV −11.8%   −11.9%   −12.0%   −11.8%   −11.9%  
 ICC (%) 0.1120 0.0070 0.1118 0.0070 0.1117 0.0070 0.1120 0.0070 0.1118 0.0070
 MOR 1.86   1.86   1.86   1.86   1.86  
 Municipality variance 0.0503 0.0104 0.0503 0.0104 0.0503 0.0104 0.0503 0.0104 0.0500 0.0103
 PCV −38.9%   −38.9%   −38.9%   −38.9%   −39.2%  
 ICC (%) 0.0134 0.0027 0.0134 0.0027 0.0134 0.0027 0.0134 0.0027 0.0133 0.0027
 MOR 1.24   1.24   1.24   1.24   1.24  
 -2loglikelihood 58,304,708   58,298,74   58,295,14   58,296,46   58,292,728  
  1. aadjusted for age, gender and parental DP receipt bThe proportional change in variance expresses the change in variance at the particular level from the empty model p < 0.001, p < 0.01, p < 0.05