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Table 2 The impact of non-completion of secondary education and its interaction with period of birth on the probability of receiving disability pension (DP)

From: Non-completion of secondary education and early disability in Norway: geographic patterns, individual and community risks

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE
Fixed effects
Secondary education non-completion   1.8604*** 0.0449 1.8063*** 0.0452 1.5831*** 0.0464
Cohort
 1970–74    ref   ref   ref  
 1975–79    −0.3847*** 0.0819 −0.4013*** 0.0822 −0.1267 0.0851
 1980–84    −0.6735*** 0.1243 −0.7075*** 0.1246 −0.2871* 0.1322
 1985–89    −1.6452*** 0.1982 −1.6817*** 0.1987 −1.6253*** 0.2109
Non-completion*Cohort
 1* 1970–74    ref   ref   ref  
 1*1975–79    0.5471*** 0.0775 0.5619*** 0.0777 0.4528*** 0.0799
 1* 1980–84    0.7691*** 0.0958 0.7825*** 0.0960 0.4657*** 0.0995
 1* 1985–89    1.7037*** 0.1528 1.7275*** 0.1529 1.2582*** 0.1551
Male    0.5092** 01526 0.4742** 0.1532 0.7858*** 0.1659
Age    0.0734*** 0.0092 0.0737*** 0.0092 0.1365*** 0.0101
Age*male    −0.0177*** 0.0045 −0.0169*** 0.0045 −0.0222*** 0.0049
Maternal DP
 No      ref   ref  
 Yes      0.6020*** 0.0318 0.5009*** 0.0354
 Mother’s identity unknown      0.2322** 0.0808 −0.1565 0.0914
Paternal DP
 No      ref   ref  
 Yes      0.4298*** 0.0347 0.2996*** 0.0388
 Father’s identity unknown      −1.6170*** 0.1218 −2.5678*** 0.1334
No previous employment records        3.7955*** 0.0405
Random effects
Neighbourhood variance (95% CI) 0.4775 0.0289 0.4297 0.0285 0.4319 0.0288 0.3022 0.0283
 PCVa   −10.0% −9.6% −36.7%
 ICC(%) 0.1240 0.0069 0.1133 0.0070 0.1142 0.0070 0.0827 0.0074
 MOR 1.93   1.87   1.87   1.69  
Municipality variance (95% CI) 0.0823 0.0129 0.0741 0.0127 0.0619 0.0115 0.0622 0.0119
 PCVa   −10.0% −24.8% −24.4%
 ICC (%) 0.0214 0.0033 0.0195 0.0033 0.0164 0.0030 0.0170 0.0032
 MOR 1.32   1.30   1.27   1.27  
-2loglikeliehood 67,825.348   59,195.306   58,211.102   48,854.622  
  1. aThe proportional change in variance expresses the change in variance at the particular level from the empty model
  2. p < 0.001, p < 0.01, p < 0.05