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Table 2 Insurance coverage by background characteristics

From: Universal health coverage in the context of population ageing: What determines health insurance enrolment in rural Ghana?

   Age: 50–69 Age: 70 plus
Variable Characteristics %Insured N %Insured N
Hospital in community No 51.39 3946 60.61 1683
Yes 78.57 140 80.52 77
p-value 0.000   0.000  
Clinic in community No 47.25 2567 55.35 1131
Yes 60.90 1519 72.50 629
p-value 0.000   0.000  
Motorable road passes through community No 41.79 627 43.48 253
Yes 54.24 3459 64.50 1507
p-value 0.000   0.000  
Region Upper West 65.22 716 70.67 300
Western 49.83 303 44.64 112
Central 34.83 333 49.49 99
Greater Accra 38.46 52 56.52 23
Volta 53.79 422 60.14 281
Eastern 48.43 479 62.50 200
Ashanti 58.17 349 67.67 133
Brong Ahafo 58.47 313 73.64 129
Northern 31.71 514 42.44 172
Upper East 62.15 605 66.24 311
p-value 0.000   0.000  
Expenditure Poorest 46.38 1175 54.76 546
Poor 49.42 775 63.12 404
Middle 51.79 697 61.86 291
Rich 51.91 682 64.55 299
Richest 65.39 757 70.45 220
p-value 0.000   0.001  
Employment status of head Employee public 84.78 138 80.77 26
Employee private 50.24 3529 59.63 1288
Self employed 85.71 35 81.25 16
Other inactive 56.88 385 65.12 430
p-value 0.000   0.012  
Internet access No 61.38 580 58.19 287
Yes 50.83 3506 62.12 1473
p-value 0.000   0.211  
Sex Male 47.65 1897 57.59 837
Female 56.37 2189 65.01 923
p-value 0.000   0.001  
Education None 48.85 2270 61.19 1430
Primary 53.98 1595 60.73 303
Secondary and higher 76.02 221 85.19 27
p-value 0.000   0.038  
Marital Status Married 52.53 3025 62.11 921
Never married/Separated/Divorced 45.22 387 50.00 112
Widowed 55.49 674 62.45 727
p-value 0.005   0.036  
Disability Yes 48.24 170 58.41 214
No 52.50 3916 61.90 1546
p-value 0.275   0.325  
Religion None 38.46 318 52.76 163
Christian 56.97 2461 65.63 998
Muslim 47.09 1287 56.93 599
p-value 0.000   0.000  
Ethnicity Akan 53.14 1244 65.42 480
Ga-Dangme 45.60 193 54.79 73
Ewe 49.23 457 62.35 255
Guan 52.02 198 60.61 99
Gurma 36.63 243 37.27 110
Mole-Dagbani 54.46 1333 61.76 578
Other 58.85 418 67.27 165
p-value 0.000   0.000  
  1. Based on a total of 5846 observations with complete information