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Table 5 - Multi-group path analysis for the prediction of positive mental health and mental health problems by lifestyle factors in German and Chinese students (matched data set)

From: Lifestyle choices and mental health: a longitudinal survey with German and Chinese students

Outcome Positive mental health (PMH) Mental health problems (MHP)
Fixed effects β SE (β) t p d β SE (β) t p d
Cross-sectional analysis
 Gender (male/female) −.04 0.01 −2.71 .007 0.07 .04 0.01 3.29 .001 0.09
 Age .00 0.02 −0.11 .916 0.00 −.05 0.02 −3.19 .001 0.09
 Body mass index −.03 0.02 −2.15 .031 0.06 .06 0.02 3.83 < .001 0.10
 Physical activity .12 0.01 8.45 < .001 0.23 −.05 0.01 −3.25 .001 0.09
 Mental activity .07 0.01 4.92 < .001 0.13 −.06 0.01 −4.87 < .001 0.13
 Alcohol frequency .00 0.02 0.03 .974 0.00 .03 0.02 2.37 .018 0.06
 Smoking (no/yes) −.06 0.02 −4.13 < .001 0.11 .10 0.02 6.43 < .001 0.17
 Vegetarian diet (no/yes) −.03 0.01 −2.31 .021 0.06 .07 0.01 6.15 < .001 0.16
 Social rhythm irregularity −.27 0.01 −20.98 < .001 0.56 .27 0.01 21.08 < .001 0.56
Longitudinal analysis
 Positive mental health (PMH) .42 0.02 19.99 < .001 0.53 −.11 0.02 −5.22 < .001 0.14
 Mental health problems (MHP) −.14 0.02 −6.18 < .001 0.17 .39 0.02 17.49 < .001 0.48
 Gender .00 0.02 0.16 .870 0.00 −.06 0.02 −2.75 .006 0.07
 Age .04 0.02 1.84 .065 0.05 −.05 0.02 −2.22 .027 0.06
 Body mass index −.04 0.02 −1.81 .070 0.05 −.03 0.02 −1.10 .273 0.03
 Physical activity .04 0.02 1.97 .048 0.05 −.02 0.02 −0.96 .335 0.03
 Mental activity −.01 0.02 −0.49 .624 0.01 −.01 0.02 −0.24 .808 0.01
 Alcohol frequency −.04 0.02 −1.79 .074 0.05 .03 0.02 1.49 .136 0.04
 Smoking (no/yes) .02 0.02 0.83 .406 0.02 .09 0.02 3.61 < .001 0.10
 Vegetarian diet (no/yes) .00 0.02 0.24 .810 0.01 .03 0.02 1.63 .103 0.04
 Social rhythm irregularity −.05 0.02 −2.44 .015 0.07 .06 0.02 2.81 .005 0.08