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Table 4 - Path analysis for the prediction of positive mental health and mental health problems by lifestyle choices in Chinese students

From: Lifestyle choices and mental health: a longitudinal survey with German and Chinese students

Outcome Positive mental health (PMH) Mental health problems (MHP)
Fixed effects β SE (β) t p d β SE (β) t p d
Cross-sectional analysis
 Gender (male/female) .01 0.01 0.70 .487 0.01 −.01 0.01 −1.08 .279 0.02
 Age .02 0.01 2.36 .018 0.05 −.03 0.01 −2.81 .005 0.05
 Body mass index .01 0.01 0.97 .332 0.01 .03 0.01 3.42 .001 0.07
 Physical activity .09 0.01 9.40 < .001 0.18 −.04 0.01 −4.62 < .001 0.09
 Mental activity .07 0.01 7.05 < .001 0.14 −.09 0.01 −9.77 < .001 0.19
 Alcohol frequency −.04 0.01 −4.12 < .001 0.08 .10 0.01 9.28 < .001 0.18
 Smoking (no/yes) −.03 0.01 −2.85 .004 0.05 .06 0.01 5.69 < .001 0.11
 Vegetarian diet (no/yes) .00 0.01 0.07 .943 0.00 .06 0.01 6.68 < .001 0.13
 Social rhythm irregularity −.29 0.01 −32.32 .000 0.62 .31 0.01 35.12 < .001 0.68
Longitudinal analysis
 Baseline positive mental health (PMH) .35 0.01 31.79 < .001 0.61 −.12 0.01 −10.18 < .001 0.20
 Baseline mental health problems (MHP) −.08 0.01 −7.17 < .001 0.14 .23 0.01 19.36 < .001 0.37
 Gender (male/female) .03 0.01 3.03 .002 0.06 −.12 0.01 −10.18 < .001 0.20
 Age .06 0.01 5.58 < .001 0.11 −.02 0.01 −2.17 .030 0.04
 Body mass index −.01 0.01 −0.99 .321 0.02 −.01 0.01 −0.83 .406 0.02
 Physical activity .04 0.01 3.27 .001 0.06 −.01 0.01 −0.91 .365 0.02
 Mental activity .03 0.01 2.82 .005 0.05 −.04 0.01 −3.74 < .001 0.07
 Alcohol frequency .00 0.01 −0.03 .975 0.00 .03 0.01 2.15 .031 0.04
 Smoking (no/yes) .00 0.01 0.27 .784 0.01 .06 0.01 5.05 < .001 0.10
 Vegetarian diet (no/yes) −.02 0.01 −2.28 .022 0.04 .06 0.01 5.65 < .001 0.11
 Social rhythm irregularity −.05 0.01 −4.73 < .001 0.09 .03 0.01 2.66 .008 0.05