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Table 4 Association between SASA! exposure and interpersonal communication and reporting positive change in relationship

From: Examining diffusion to understand the how of SASA!, a violence against women and HIV prevention intervention in Uganda

  Female Male
Variable(Channel) (N = 354) n % reporting change OR 95% C.I. p-val* aORa 95% C.I. p-val* n % reporting change OR 95% C.I. p-val* aORa 95% C.I. p-val*
SASA! Exposure:
 Materials/posters      < 0.01    < 0.01      0.27    0.68
  0-1 times 17/72 (24%) 1   1   72/79 (91%) 1   1.00  
  Few times (2-4) 33/83 (40%) 2.14 (1.06-4.30)   1.15 (0.47-2.78)   267/272 (96%) 2.31 (0.86-6.16)   1.14 (0.36-3.63)  
  Many times (5+) 163/199 (82%) 14.65 (7.63-28.14)   4.3 (1.69-10.93)   158/167 (95%) 1.71 (0.61-4.76)   0.68 (0.18-2.61)  
 Drama/film (mid media)      < 0.01    0.49      < 0.01    0.41
  Never 48/118 (41%) 1   1   69/79 (87%) 1   1.00  
  Once 40/74 (54%) 1.72 (0.95-3.08)   0.52 (0.21-1.25)   144/155 (91%) 1.9 (0.77-4.68)   1.61 (0.56-4.68)  
  A few (2-4 times) 68/99 (69%) 3.2 (1.82-5.61)   0.63 (0.26-1.55)   187/191 (98%) 6.78 (2.06-22.31)   3.45 (0.76-15.66)  
  Many times (5+) 57/63 (91%) 13.85 (5.53-34.69)   0.8 (0.19-3.44)   91/93 (98%) 6.59 (1.40-31.07)   2.42 (0.37-15.76)  
 Discussion activity (interpersonal comm)     < 0.01    0.02      < 0.01    0.03
  Never 34/107 (32%) 1   1   35/43 (81%) 1   1.00  
  1 time 47/80 (59%) 3.06 (1.67-5.59)   2.16 (0.90-5.18)   144/155 (93%) 2.99 (1.12-7.99)   3.47 (1.01-11.92)  
  A few/many times (2+) 132/167 (79%) 8.1 (4.66-14.06)   3.53 (1.46-8.54)   312/320 (98%) 8.91 (3.15-25.23)   5.77 (1.52-21.95)  
 Sought CA advice (interpersonal comm)     < 0.01    0.09      0.01    0.83
  No 147/282 (52%) 1   1   282/304 (93%) 1   1.00  
  Yes 66/72 (92%) 10.1 (4.24-24.06)   2.65 (0.84-8.34)   209/214 (98%) 3.26 (1.21-8.75)   1.13 (0.35-3.71)  
 Multi-channel exposure (N = 352)     < 0.01    < 0.01 (N = 5181)     < 0.01    < 0.01
  Mass media only 24/78 (31%) 1.00   1.00   8/12 (67%) 1.0   1.00  
  Low multi-channel exp. (1-4) 77/136 (57%) 2.94 (1.63-5.29)   3.26 (1.73-6.15)   238/255 (93%) 7.00 (1.91-25.61)   6.17 (1.49-25.47)  
  High multi-channel exp. (5+) 112/138 (81%) 9.69 (5.10-18.43   12.3 (6.09-24.85)   245/251 (98%) 20.4 (4.80-86.86)   15.72 (3.22-76.74)  
Interpersonal Communication about SASA!:
 Talked to partner      < 0.01    < 0.01      < 0.01    0.02
  never 46/147 (31%) 1   1   130/146 (89%) 1   1.00  
  medium (1-4) 105/139 (76%) 6.78 (4.03-11.41)   3.05 (1.53-6.11)   202/212 (95%) 2.49 (1.09-5.65)   1.34 (0.47-3.84)  
  high (5+) 62/68 (91%) 22.69 (9.15-56.23)   7.08 (2.29-21.90)   160/160 (99%) 19.6 (2.56-149.53)   13.10 (1.33-128.54)  
 Talked to peers      < 0.01    0.35      0.01    0.26
  low (0-2) 24/102 (24%) 1   1   127/142 (89%) 1   1.00  
  medium (3-5) 32/50 (64%) 5.78 (2.77-12.07)   1.78 (0.71-4.46)   109/113 (97%) 3.22 (1.04-9.99)   2.49 (0.69-8.97)  
  high (6+) 157/202 (78%) 11.34 (6.45-19.95)   1 (0.41-2.43)   255/263 (97%) 3.76 (1.56-9.11)   0.94 (0.30-3.01)  
 Talked to elders      < 0.01    < 0.01      0.12    0.85
  low (0-2) 71/190 (37%) 1   1   268/288 (93%) 1   1.00  
  medium (3-5) 109/128 (85%) 9.62 (5.44-16.99)   4.05 (1.85-8.88)   185/185 (97%) 2.23 (0.88-5.65)   1.21 (0.37-3.89)  
  high (6+) 33/36 (92%) 18.44 (5.45-62.32)   5.7 (0.99-32.71)   44/45 (98%) 3.28 (0.43-25.09)   0.60 (0.05-6.85)  
  1. * Overall p-value estimation based on likelihood ratio test aControlled for age, marital status, education level, SES and other SASA! exposure