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Table 3 Multinomial regression for factors associated with emotional IPV, and physical and emotional IPV (n = 899)

From: Factors associated with recent intimate partner violence experience amongst currently married women in Afghanistan and health impacts of IPV: a cross sectional study

  Past year emotional IPV only   Past year physical and emotional IPV  
Individual level factors aRRR (95% CI) p-value aRRR (95% CI) p-value
Education none base   base  
Madrasa1 0.81(0.52–2.69) 0.711 1.20(0.43–3.35) 0.723
Primary 0.99(0.42–2.31) 0.974 1.29(0.56–2.96) 0.551
Secondary 0.24(0.03–2.00) 0.188 0.77(0.18–3.39) 0.732
Ethnic Group Pashtun base   base  
Tajik 1.63(0.36–7.43) 0.531 0.65(0.15–2.77) 0.56
Hazara 0.36(0.06–2.39) 0.292 0.39(0.05–3.29) 0.388
Other 1.41(0.27–7.23) 0.684 0.28(0.03–2.93) 0.288
Currently attend a women’s group 8.13(4.30–15.37) < 0.0001 2.23(1.31–3.81) 0.003
Individual gender attitudes 1.01(0.92–1.10) 0.91 1.03(0.95–1.12) 0.443
Childhood Trauma 1.04(0.96–1.12) 0.321 1.10(1.02–1.18) 0.013
Livelihoods
Food insecurity 1.13(1.03–1.25) 0.012 1.06(0.97–1.16) 0.205
Earnings past month 1.00(1.00–1.00) 0.501 1.00(1.00–1.00) 0.629
Husband & family
Husband has more than one wife 4.22(1.66–10.73) 0.003 2.96(1.15–7.60) 0.024
Husband cruelty 1.37(0.86–2.17) 0.188 6.24(4.21–9.24) 0.001
Experience of other form of family violence 3.39(1.86–6.18) < 0.0001 2.71(1.53–4.82) 0.001
Perceived community gender attitudes 1.13(1.02–1.25) 0.016 1.16(1.06–1.28) 0.002
Depression 1.01(0.98–1.05) 0.465 1.01(0.97–1.04) 0.711
Disability severity 1.06(0.89–1.28) 0.503 1.30(1.11–1.53) 0.001
  1. Adjusted for age, and cluster; all comparisons are to the category ‘none’
  2. 1A Madrasa is a religious school; aRRR – adjusted relative risk ratio
  3. Bolded numbers of significant at p < 0.05