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Table 1 The domains of program science for public health programs, as described by Blanchard and Aral [9]

From: The value of program science to optimize knowledge brokering on infectious diseases for public health

Domains of Practice Spheres of Evidence Intended Outcomes
Strategic Planning Epidemiology
Transmission dynamics
Policy analysis
Define prevention objectives
Prioritize the right populations
Match strategy to epidemic phase
Program Implementation Efficacy and effectiveness
Operations research
Select the intervention mix
Implement interventions effectively
Program Management Surveillance
Monitoring and evaluation
Operations research
Health systems research
Achieve high coverage
Maximize efficiency
Alter programs when appropriate