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Table 5 Predictors of vitamin A and zinc deficiencies among the school children

From: Prevalence and predictors of under-nutrition among school children in a rural South-eastern Nigerian community: a cross sectional study

Variables Serum vitamin A Serum zinc
COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Characteristics of the school children
 Female school children 1.70 (0.74–3.94) 1.47(0.55–3.94) 1.15 (0.50–2.66) 1.15(0.42–3.17)
 Older school children (10–15 years) 0.73 (0.31–1.73) 1.15(0.37–3.57) 0.80 (0.34–1.91) 1.38(0.44–4.36)
Mothers’/Household characteristics  
 35 years and above 0.51 (0.22–1.20) 0.45(0.16–1.29) 0.43 (0.18–1.03) 0.35(0.12–1.07)
  ≥ Secondary education 1.14 (0.48–2.75) 0.79(0.27–2.37) 1.00 (0.41–2.42) 0.49(0.15–1.63)
 Female household head 1.83(0.77–4.38) 1.43(0.51–4.01) 2.38 (0.96–5.89) 0.23(0.07–0.69)**
 Income > 25,000 Naira (79.43$) 1.70 (0.65–4.47) 2.97(0.79–11.16) 1.01(0.39–2.62) 2.28(0.62–8.37)
 WFE > 5000 Naira (15.89$) 0.99 (0.44–2.28) 0.93(0.35–2.49) 1.12 (0.49–2.59) 1.09(0.41–2.94)
Nutrient intake
 Inadequate vitamin A intake 0.94 (0.37–2.39) 0.72(0.21–2.48)   
Parasitic infections
 Malaria present 1.71 (0.73–3.99) 0.36(0.09–1.44) 2.16 (0.90–5.18) 0.65(0.17–2.56)
 Hookworm present 1.51 (0.64–3.58) 1.06(0.35–3.24) 1.15 (0.48–2.72) 0.58(0.18–1.88)
 Round worm present 1.05 (0.42 (2.64) 0.94(0.29–2.99) 1.63 (0.64–4.11) 2.40(0.71–8.12)
 Tapeworm present 3.89 (1.53–9.89) 3.59(1.06–12.13)* 3.42 (1.39–8.43) 3.64(1.02–12.98)*
 Whipworm present 3.57 (1.40–9.07) 3.79(1.12–12.89)* 3.83 (1.53–9.57) 3.80(1.11–13.04)*
Entamoeba hystolitica present 1.11 (0.48–2.57) 1.07(0.37–3.06) 1.93(0.82–4.52) 1.01(0.34–3.02)
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, WFE Weekly food expenditure *P < 0.05 **P < 0.01