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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with underweight, stunting and thinness among the school children

From: Prevalence and predictors of under-nutrition among school children in a rural South-eastern Nigerian community: a cross sectional study

Variables Weight - for - age Height - for - age BMI – for - age
COR (95% CI) COR (95% CI) COR (95% CI)
Characteristics of the school children
 Female school children 1.67(0.76–3.66) 0.68(0.47–0.99)* 1.03(0.65–1.64)
 Older school children (10–15 years) 2.43(0.98–5.99)* 1.60(1.06–2.41)* 1.91(1.11–3.28)*
 Secondary school children 1.07(0.73–1.56) 1.60(1.01–2.55)*
Mothers’/Household characteristics
 35 years and above 0.55(0.25–1.19) 1.00(0.68–1.47) 0.95(0.59–1.54)
  ≥ Secondary education 1.39(0.64–2.99) 1.00(0.67–1.49) 0.70(0.42–1.17)
 Female household head 0.30(0.13–0.70)** 0.90(0.62–1.32) 0.60(0.37–0.97)*
 Income above 25,000 Naira (> 79.43$) 0.31(0.11–0.85)* 0.61(0.40–0.93)* 0.36(0.19–0.67)**
 Weekly food expenditure > 5000 Naira (> 15.89$) 0.18(0.08–0.40)*** 0.55(0.38–0.80)** 0.40(0.25–0.64)***
Intakes
 Inadequate energy intake 0.38(0.08–1.82) 1.06(0.43–2.64) 0.66(0.25–1.78)
 Inadequate carbohydrate intake 2.03(0.66–6.22) 2.28(0.71–7.29)
Micronutrient status
 Vitamin A deficiency 1.53(0.32–7.29) 1.23(0.53–2.88) 1.34(0.52–3.48)
 Zinc deficiency 3.00(0.63–14.37) 1.42(0.60–3.33) 1.28(0.49–3.31)
Parasitic infections
 Malaria present 0.24(0.05–1.16) 0.34(0.14–0.81)* 1.12(0.42–2.94)
 Hookworm present 0.57(0.10–3.27) 0.69(0.28–1.68) 0.89(0.33–2.41)
 Roundworm present 2.00(0.38–10.41) 1.34(0.53–3.43) 0.89(0.31–2.60)
 Tapeworm present 1.88(0.42–8.44) 0.38(0.15–0.99)* 1.23(0.46–3.27)
 Whipworm present 0.49(0.09–2.81) 0.52–0.21-1.32) 1.69(0.64–4.46)
Entamoeba hystolitica present 1.25(0.28–5.59) 0.71(0.30–1.69) 0.39(0.14–1.10)
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, BMI Body mass index, *P < 0.05 **P < 0.01 ***P < 0.001