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Table 6 Factors associated with physical inactivity in Arab countries

From: Physical inactivity, gender and culture in Arab countries: a systematic assessment of the literature

  Statistical association with physical inactivity
Positive Negative Other associations
Agea [13, 29, 35, 36, 38, 39, 69, 73, 83, 92, 100, 135, 143, 153, 176, 218, 221, 231] [44, 71, 142] U shape [63, 202]
Curvilinear [41]
Marital status [29, 37, 38, 41, 105, 181, 232] [42, 79, 221]  
Educational levela,b [35, 54] [30, 33, 38, 41, 42, 46, 92, 100, 148, 150, 171, 218, 231, 232] No effect [34, 69, 93]
Employmenta [54, 150] [30, 33, 36, 92, 183, 232]  
SESa,c [12, 35, 46, 75, 105, 232] [42, 44, 54, 92, 181] U shape [83]
Urban residence [35, 36, 43, 77, 150]   
Consuming fruits/vegetables   [33]  
Smokinga [29,30,31,32] [225]  
Alcohol [30]   
Screen timed [21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28]   
Overweight/ Obesitye [22, 24, 29, 33, 35, 37,38,39] [30, 40,41,42] No effect [43]
Chronic medical conditionsa [29, 34,35,36]   
Parity [107]   
  1. aThe direction of the association between physical inactivity and some variables was not specified in other studies: age [15, 93, 140, 147, 161], educational level [39, 151], employment [29, 37], SES [26, 31, 34, 39, 140], smoking [30], overweight/obesity [15], and chronic medical conditions [28]
  2. bEducation categorized as iliterate, primary, intermediate, secondary,and university
  3. cSocio-economic status (SES): SES score, resources, income, housing type, wealth, Human Development Index, schooling type, domestic help, car ownership
  4. dScreen time: Television viewing, computer using, video gaming
  5. eThe association between underweight and physical inactivity was mentioned in one study and showed a positive association