Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics and slide positivity among febrile patients in the Salween River Valley of Shan Special Region II, Myanmar

From: Retrospective analysis of risk factors of slide positivity among febrile patients in the Salween river valley of Shan Special Region II, northern Myanmar

  No. tested (n = 369) No. P. falciparum (%, 95%CI) No. P. vivax (%, 95%CI) No. P. malariae (%, 95%CI) Plasmodium spp. (%, 95%CI)
Demographics
 Male 227 37 (16.3, 11.7–21.8) 10 (4.4, 2.1–8.0) 3 (1.3, 0.3–3.8) 50 (22.0, 18.8–28.0)
 Female 142 37 (26.1, 19.1–34.1) 3 (2.1, 0.4–6.0) 1 (0.7, 0.0–3.9) 41 (28.9, 21.6–37.1)
Age (years)
 <5 12 10 (83.3, 51.6–97.9) 1 (8.3, 0.2–38.5) 1 (8.3, 0.2–38.5) 12 (100, 73.5–100)
 5–15 29 25 (86.2, 68.3–96.1) 2 (6.9, 0.8–22.8) 0 (0, 0–11.9) 27 (93.1, 77.2–99.2)
 16–50 276 36 (13.0, 9.3–17.6) 9 (3.3, 1.5–6.1) 3 (1.1, 0.2–3.1) 48 (17.4, 13.1–24.4)
 > 50 52 3 (5.8, 1.2–15.9) 1 (1.9, 0.1–11.5) 0 (0, 0–6.8) 4 (7.7, 2.1–18.5)
Annual average cash income (US$)
 ≤ 100 191 44 (23.0, 17.3–29.7) 7 (3.7, 1.5–7.4) 2 (1.0, 0.1–3.7) 53 (27.7, 21.5–34.7)
 101–200 134 26 (19.4, 13.1–27.1) 5 (3.7, 1.2–8.5) 1 (0.7, 0.02–4.1) 32 (23.9, 16.9–32.0)
 > 200 40 4 (10.0, 2.8–23.7) 1 (2.5, 0.1–13.2) 1 (2.5, 0.1–13.2) 6 (15.0, 5.7–29.8)
Family size of the household
 ≤ 3 75 12 (16.0, 8.6–26.3) 6 (8.0, 3.0–16.6) 1 (1.3, 0.03–7.2) 19 (25.3, 16.0–36.7)
 4–5 108 33 (30.6, 22.1–40.2) 5 (4.6, 1.5–10.5) 2 (1.9, 0.2–6.5) 40 (37.0, 27.9–46.9)
 ≥ 6 186 29 (15.6, 10.7–21.6) 2 (1.1, 0.1–3.8) 1 (0.5, 0–3.0) 32 (17.2, 12.1–23.4)
Altitude of residence (meters)
 < 800 117 49 (41.9, 32.8–51.4) 4 (3.4, 0.9–8.5) 3 (2.6, 0.5–7.3) 56 (47.9, 38.5–57.3)
 800–1200 143 6 (4.2, 1.6–8.9) 7 (4.9, 2.0–9.8) 1 (0.7, 0–3.8) 14 (9.9, 5.5–16.0)
 >1200 110 19 (17.3, 10.7–25.7) 2 (1.8, 0.2–6.4) 0 (0, 0–3.3) 21 (19.1, 12.2–27.7)
Malaria knowledge of household heads
 No malaria knowledge of cause and symptoms 52 17 (32.7, 20.3–47.1) 5 (9.6, 3.2–21.0) 0 (0, 0–6.8) 22 (42.3, 28.7–56.8)
 Knowing malaria symptoms 240 53 (21.1, 17.0–27.9) 6 (2.5, 1.0–5.4) 3 (1.3, 0.3–3.6) 62 (25.8, 20.4–31.9)
 Knowing mosquitoes 77 4 (5.2, 1.4–12.8) 2 (2.6, 0.3–9.2) 1 (1.3, 0.04–7.0) 7 (9.1, 3.7–17.8)
Use of measures against mosquito bite
 No 172 47 (27.3, 20.8–34.6) 8 (4.6, 2.0–9.7) 2 (1.2, 0.1–4.1) 57 (33.1, 26.2–40.7)
 Yes 197 27 (13.7, 9.2–19.3) 5 (2.5, 0.8–5.8) 2 (1.0, 0.1–3.6) 34 (17.3, 12.3–23.3)
Family decision
 Husband 283 67 (23.7, 18.8–29.1) 8 (2.8, 1.2–5.5) 2 (0.7, 0.1–2.5) 77 (27.2, 22.1–32.8)
 No response 11 2 (18.2, 2.3–51.8) 2 (18.2, 2.3–51.8) 1 (9.1, 0.2–41.3) 5 (45.5, 16.7–76.6)
 Wife or co-decision 75 5 (6.7, 2.1–14.9) 3 (4.0, 0.8–11.2) 1 (1.3, 0.03–7.2) 9 (12.0, 5.6–21.6)
Distance from health facilities or drug shops
 > 3 km 295 66 (22.4, 17.7–27.6) 11 (3.7, 1.9–6.6) 4 (1.4, 0.4–3.4) 81 (27.5, 22.4–32.9)
 ≤ 3 km 74 8 (10.8, 4.8–20.2) 2 (2.7, 0.3–9.4) 0 (0, 0–4.9) 10 (13.5, 6.7–23.5)
Time between onset of illness and seeking treatment (hours)
 Never sought treatment 46 17 (37.0, 23.2–52.5) 4 (8.7, 2.4–20.8) 3 (6.5, 1.4–17.9) 24 (52.2, 36.9–67.1)
 > 48 181 48 (26.5, 20.2–33.6) 6 (3.3, 1.2–7.1) 1 (0.6, 0–3.0) 55 (30.4, 23.8–37.6)
 25–48 24 2 (8.3, 1.0–27.0) 2 (8.3, 1.0–27.0) 0 (0, 0–14.2) 4 (16.7, 4.7–37.4)
 ≤ 24 118 7 (5.9, 2.4–11.8) 1 (0.8, 0.02–4.6) 0 (0, 0–3.1) 8 (6.8, 3.0–12.9)
Total 369 74 (20.1, 16.1–24.5) 13 (3.5, 1.9–5.9) 4 (1.1, 0.3–2.8) 91 (24.7, 20.3–29.4)