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Table 4 Prevalence of IPV during recent pregnancy by maternal and new born health outcomes

From: Intimate partner violence, forced first sex and adverse pregnancy outcomes in a sample of Zimbabwean women accessing maternal and child health care

    Low birth weight (N = 2007)   
  Total abused No (n = 1834) Yes (173)  
  N % n % n % Sig (p-value)
Emotional IPV 880 43.85 785 42.80 95 54.91 0.002
Physical IPV 319 15.89 284 15.49 35 20.23 0.10
Sexual IPV 782 38.96 709 38.66 73 42.20 0.36
Sexual/Physical IPV 928 46.24 842 45.91 86 49.71 0.34
Forced First Sex 305 15.24 273 14.93 32 18.6 0.199
Any recent negative outcome LBW, premature baby, c-section)
  Total abused No (1818) Yes (188)    Sig (p-value)
  N % n % n %  
Emotional IPV 881 43.79 756 42.93 125 49.8 0.04
Physical IPV 317 15.76 274 15.56 43 17.13 0.522
Sexual IPV 781 38.82 689 39.13 92 36.65 0.452
Sexual/Physical IPV 926 46.02 817 46.39 109 43.43 0.377
Forced First Sex 313 15.6 271 15.43 42 16.8 0.577
  Hospitalisation (N = 1974)     
  Total abused No (n = 1825) Yes (n = 149)  
  N % n % n % Sig (p-value)
Emotional IPV 866 43.87 798 43.56 71 47.65 0.333
Physical IPV 307 15.55 287 15.73 20 13.42 0.456
Sexual IPV 772 39.11 721 39.51 51 34.23 0.204
Sexual/Physical IPV 912 46.2 852 46.68 60 40.27 0.131
Forced First Sex 294 14.94 273 15.01 21 14.09 0.763