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Table 3 Prevalence of IPV in the past 12 months before recent pregnancy by maternal and new born health outcomes

From: Intimate partner violence, forced first sex and adverse pregnancy outcomes in a sample of Zimbabwean women accessing maternal and child health care

  Unplanned pregnancy (N = 2039)
  Total abused No (n = 1382) Yes (n = 657)    
  N % n % n % Sig (p-value)   
Emotional IPV 822 40.3 516 37.3 306 46.6 0.000   
Physical IPV 434 21.3 260 18.8 174 26.5 0.000   
Sexual IPV 726 35.6 468 33.9 258 39.3 0.017   
Sexual/Physical IPV 944 46.3 608 44.0 336 51.1 0.002   
Forced First Sex 314 15.47 183 12.43 131 23.48 0.000   
  Any recent negative outcome (LBW, premature baby, c-section)
  Total abused No (1818) Yes (188) Sig (p-value)   
  N % n % n %    
Emotional IPV 810 40.26 710 40.32 100 39.84 0.885   
Physical IPV 428 21.27 375 21.29 53 21.12 0.948   
Sexual IPV 718 35.69 634 36 84 33.47 0.433   
Sexual/Physical IPV 932 46.32 821 46.62 111 44.22 0.476   
Forced First Sex 313 15.6 271 15.43 42 16.8 0.577   
  Pregnancy Booking at antenatal care clinic
  Total abused   Unbooked (n = 114) Late booking (n = 284) Early booking (n = 886)
  N % N % n % n % Sig (p-value)
Emotional IPV 821 40.3 54 47.4 427 41.2 340 38.4 0.13
Physical IPV 434 21.3 24 21.1 258 24.9 152 17.2 0.00
Sexual IPV 725 35.6 59 51.8 368 35.5 298 33.6 0.001
Sexual/Physical IPV 943 46.3 70 61.4 499 48.1 374 42.2 0.0001
Forced First Sex 315 15.5 27 23.68 175 16.92 113 12.8 0.002