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Table 2 Prevalence of lifetime intimate partner violence by maternal health outcomes N = 2042

From: Intimate partner violence, forced first sex and adverse pregnancy outcomes in a sample of Zimbabwean women accessing maternal and child health care

     Neonatal death     Miscarried (N = 2039)     
   Total abused No (1818) Yes (188) Sig (p-value) Total abused No (1747) Yes (292) Sig (p-value)
   N % n % n %   N % n % n %  
Emotional IPV 1290 64.26 1162 63.88 128 68.09 0.25 1308 64.15 1145 63.43 163 69.66 0.062
Physical IPV 749 37.32 659 36.23 90 47.87 0.00 761 37.32 654 36.23 107 45.73 0.005
Sexual IPV 1038 51.72 919 50.52 119 63.30 0.00 1052 51.59 922 51.08 130 55.56 0.197
Sexual/Physical IPV 1306 65.07 1161 63.83 145 77.13 0.0001 1325 64.98 1165 64.54 160 68.38 0.247
Forced First Sex 314 15.69 278 15.33 36 19.15 0.171 314 15.45 272 15.12 42 17.95 0.26
Any history of negative outcome (ever had a neonatal death, miscarriage, and or stilbirth) Any recent negative outcome Low birth weight, premature baby, c-section)
   Total abused No (1818) Yes (188) Sig (p-value) Total abused No (1818) Yes (188) Sig (p-value)
   N % n % n %   N % n % n %  
Emotional IPV 1308 64.15 1029 62.59 279 70.63 0.003 1291 64.17 1131 64.22 160 63.75 0.882
Physical IPV 761 37.32 578 35.2 183 46.33 0.0001 749 37.23 659 37.42 90 35.86 0.631
Sexual IPV 1052 51.59 824 50.12 228 57.72 0.007 1039 51.64 914 51.9 125 49.8 0.533
Sexual/Physical IPV 1325 64.98 1046 63.63 279 70.63 0.009 1306 64.91 1145 65.02 161 64.14 0.785
Forced First Sex 314 15.45 239 14.59 75 18.99 0.03 313 15.6 271 15.43 42 16.8 0.577