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Table 4 Personal VOCs concentrations in the exposed and the controlled areas (Unit: μg/m3)

From: Health risk assessment of volatile organic compounds exposure near Daegu dyeing industrial complex in South Korea

  Exposed area
(N = 310, Mean ± SD)
Controlled area
(N = 150, Mean ± SD)
Exposed area / Controlled area p-value
Summer
Toluene 125.59 ± 230.50 27.47 ± 53.83 4.57 < 0.01
DMF 24.14 ± 41.54 5.63 ± 4.57 4.29 0.01
Chloroform 9.03 ± 4.61 6.05 ± 4.36 1.49 < 0.01
MEK 4.23 ± 12.34 N.D.a N.D. N.D.
Benzene 10.22 ± 6.76 6.06 ± 4.25 1.69 < 0.01
Ethylbenzene 17.95 ± 27.08 10.46 ± 22.17 1.72 0.11
m,p-Xylene 13.38 ± 14.83 6.55 ± 9.50 2.04 < 0.01
o-Xylene 19.12 ± 15.12 11.03 ± 7.73 1.73 0.73
Autumn
Toluene 171.59 ± 232.57 89.21 ± 77.02 1.92 < 0.01
DMF 21.11 ± 21.26 3.62 ± 1.06 5.83 < 0.01
Chloroform 11.18 ± 5.63 7.31 ± 2.17 1.53 < 0.01
MEK 13.73 ± 12.10 31.74 ± 98.05 0.43 0.20
Benzene 3.58 ± 2.98 2.04 ± 0.64 1.75 < 0.01
Ethylbenzene 2.42 ± 1.59 1.98 ± 2.44 1.22 0.09
m,p-Xylene 10.44 ± 3.65 22.59 ± 17.72 0.46 < 0.01
o-Xylene 1.74 ± 0.41 6.80 ± 5.69 0.26 0.01
  1. aNot Detected