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Table 2 Social determinants of health domains

From: Collection of social determinants of health in the community clinic setting: a cross-sectional study

Domain Participants (n = 100)
Median number of household family members (IQR) (n = 97) 2 (1–3)
Housing Status  
 Has housing 87/100 (87%)
 Does not have housing 10/100 (10%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 3/100 (3%)
Housing Stability  
 Worried about losing housing 17/100 (17%)
 Not worried about losing housing 78/100 (78%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 5/100 (5%)
Education  
 Less than high school degree 15/100 (15%)
 High school diploma or GED 37/100 (37%)
 More than high school 46/100 (46%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 2/100 (2%)
Employment  
 Unemployed 27/100 (27%)
 Part-time or temporary work 24/100 (24%)
 Full-time work 26/100 (26%)
 Otherwise unemployed but not seeking work 21/100 (21%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 2/100 (2%)
Insurance  
 None/uninsured 20/100 (20%)
 Medicaid 28/100 (28%)
 CHIP Medicaid 1/100 (1%)
 Medicare 20/100 (20%)
 Other public insurance (not CHIP) 7/100 (7%)
 Other public insurance (CHIP) 2/100 (2%)
 Private insurance 20/100 (20%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 2/100 (2%)
Income  
 Median household income (IQR) (n = 56) $19,600 ($9, 897 - $35,750)
 Range $3000 – $105,000
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 40/100 (40%)
 Invalid response 4 /100 (4%)
Incomea (n = 56)  
 At or below 100% FPL 25/56 (45%)
 Above 100% FPL 31/56 (55%)
Material Security  
 Food 18/100 (18%)
 Utilities 11/100 (11%)
 Medicine or health care (medical, dental, mental health, vision) 27/100 (27%)
 Phone 12/100 (12%)
 Clothing 12/100 (12%)
 Child care 5/100 (5%)
 Other 3/100 (3%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 1/100 (1%)
Transportation  
 Lack of transportation affected medical appointments/medicine 15/100 (15%)
 Lack of transportation affected non-medical meetings/appointments 10/100 (10%)
 Transportation has not affected meetings/appointments 80/100 (80%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 2/100 (2%)
Social Integration and Support  
 Less than once a week 14/100 (14%)
 1 or 2 times a week 26/100 (26%)
 3 to 5 times a week 22/100 (22%)
 More than 5 times a week 34/100 (34%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 4/100 (4%)
Stress  
 Not at all 20/100 (20%)
 A little bit 24/100 (24%)
 Somewhat 22/100 (22%)
 Quite a bit 15/100 (15%)
 Very much 14/100 (14%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 4/100 (4%)
 Invalid answer (participant chose more than one response) 1/100 (1%)
Depression (PHQ-2 Score)a (n = 88)  
 Negative screen (< 3) 67/88 (76%)
 Positive screen (≥ 3) 21/88 (24%)
Physical activity (EVS classification)a (n = 92)  
 Inactive 14/92 (15%)
 Insufficiently active 55/92 (60%)
 Sufficiently active 23/92 (25%)
Tobacco use  
 Never smoker 54/100 (54%)
 Former smoker 16/100 (16%)
 Current every day or current some day smoker 28/100 (28%)
 Unknown if ever smoked 2/100 (2%)
Alcohol use (AUDIT-C score)a (n = 92)  
 Negative screen (women < 3, men < 4) 80/92 (87%)
 Positive screen (women ≥ 3, men ≥ 4) 12/92 (13%)
Emergency Expense of $400  
 Pay with cash or cash equivalent 30/100 (30%)
 Pay with non-cash or non-cash equivalent 59/100 (59%)
 Pay with combination of cash and non-cash equivalent 11/100 (11%)
Emergency expense of $400b (n = 70)  
 Would not be able to pay for expense 30/70 (43%)
 Credit card, pay over time 12/70 (17%)
 Borrowing from a friend or family member 33/70 (47%)
 Sell something 10/70 (14%)
 Payday loan, deposit advance, or overdraft 7/70 (10%)
 Bank loan or line of credit 5/70 (7%)
 Other 3/70 (4%)
Largest emergency expense could pay with cash or checking/savings account** (n = 70)  
 Under $100 45/70 (64%)
 $100 to $199 16/70 (23%)
 $200 to $299 2/70 (3%)
 $300 to $399 4/70 (6%)
 Over $400 2/70 (3%)
 Left blank 1/70 (1%)
Incarceration History  
 Yes 2/100 (2%)
 No 98/100 (98%)
Refugee  
 No 98/100 (98%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 2/100 (2%)
Safety  
 Yes 82/100 (82%)
 No 11/100 (11%)
 Unsure 4/100 (4%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 3/100 (3%)
Domestic Violence  
 Yes 5/100 (5%)
 No 91/100 (91%)
 Unsure 3/100 (3%)
 Chose not to answer/Left blank 1/100 (1%)
  1. Data are proportions (%) or medians (interquartile range). Percentages may not equal 100% due to rounding. aFor reporting purposes, the denominators of the Federal Poverty Level, depression, physical activity, and alcohol use domains only consider responses for whom data/scores could be calculated. Reasons for non-calculation of scores include participant non-response, responses that the question was not understood, and responses that the participant did not know the answer to the question. In the case of the AUDIT-C, scores were also not calculated for transgender patients, as the scoring algorithm is gender binary. bFor consistency with the Federal Reserve Board’s reporting, this data is shown only for those respondents who indicate they would pay for the expense either in whole or in part using non-cash or its equivalent. AUDIT-C = Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Brief Screen; CHIP Children’s Health Insurance Program, IQR interquartile range, EVS Exercise Vital Sign, FPL Federal Poverty Level, GED General Equivalency Diploma, PHQ-2 Patient Health Questionnaire-2