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Table 5 Percentage reduction in peak influenza attack rate in the general population, modeling studies, 2000–2017

From: Effectiveness of workplace social distancing measures in reducing influenza transmission: a systematic review

First author, year published

Country

Influenza strain

Interventiona

Percentage reductionb

R0 ≤ 1.9

R0 = 2.0–2.4

R0 ≥ 2.5

Zhang, 2012 [31]

Singapore

Not reported

Single

28

Mao, 2011 [32]

USA

Seasonal scenario (R0 = 1.4) and a pandemic scenario (R0 = 2.0)

Single

97

53

Xia, 2013 [33]

China

2009 Influenza A(H1N1) pandemic

Single

51

Single + VAC

91

Milne, 2008 [34]

Australia

Pandemic strain

Single

39

25

18

Multiple

97

99

99

Milne, 2013 [35]

Papua New Guinea

Pandemic strain

Multiple

91

  1. Abbreviations: R 0 basic reproduction number, VAC vaccination
  2. aSingle: Workplace social distancing; Multiple: Workplace social distancing and other nonpharmaceutical interventions; VAC: Vaccination
  3. bPercentage reduction = ((Attack rate in the absence of intervention – Attack rate with intervention) / Attack rate in the absence of intervention) × 100