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Table 5 Percentage reduction in peak influenza attack rate in the general population, modeling studies, 2000–2017

From: Effectiveness of workplace social distancing measures in reducing influenza transmission: a systematic review

First author, year published Country Influenza strain Interventiona Percentage reductionb
R0 ≤ 1.9 R0 = 2.0–2.4 R0 ≥ 2.5
Zhang, 2012 [31] Singapore Not reported Single 28
Mao, 2011 [32] USA Seasonal scenario (R0 = 1.4) and a pandemic scenario (R0 = 2.0) Single 97 53
Xia, 2013 [33] China 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) pandemic Single 51
Single + VAC 91
Milne, 2008 [34] Australia Pandemic strain Single 39 25 18
Multiple 97 99 99
Milne, 2013 [35] Papua New Guinea Pandemic strain Multiple 91
  1. Abbreviations: R 0 basic reproduction number, VAC vaccination
  2. aSingle: Workplace social distancing; Multiple: Workplace social distancing and other nonpharmaceutical interventions; VAC: Vaccination
  3. bPercentage reduction = ((Attack rate in the absence of intervention – Attack rate with intervention) / Attack rate in the absence of intervention) × 100