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Table 6 Logit regressions based on household wealth index (Model 4)

From: Malaria infection among children under-five: the use of large-scale interventions in Ghana

  Poora
Odds ratio
Middle classa
Odds ratio
Richa
Odds ratio
ITN (Specification 3) 0.805 (− 1.41) 1.325 (1.28) 1.229 (0.71)
IRS (Specification 3) 0.249 d (−7.35) 0.363 b (−1.88) 1.112 (0.20)
Both ITN and IRS (Specification 3) 0.257 d (−6.43) 0.752 (−0.43) 1.193 (0.24)
Individual attributes (I)
 Age 1.019d (2.61) 1.038c (2.56) 1.029b (1.68)
 Female 0.944 (−0.48) 1.095 (0.43) 0.779 (−0.90)
 Child weight 1.575d (3.16) 1.672b (1.66) 1.597 (1.14)
 Weight square 0.982d (−3.43) 0.974c (−2.21) 0.977 (−1.34)
Environmental factors (E)
 Rural 1.807d (3.28) 1.529b (1.91) 2.071c (2.03)
 Hhsize 1.048c (02.15) 1.232d (4.13) 1.046 (0.55)
Mother’s education (Base = no education)
 Primary 0.679b (−1.91) 1.350 (0.75) 2.697 (1.55)
 Secondary and above 0.605c (−2.15) 1.11 (0.35) 1.850 (1.07)
Father’s education (Base = no education)
 Primary 0.651c (−2.37) 0.878 (−0.24) 1.356 (0.32)
 Secondary and above 0.618d (−2.81) 0.888 (−0.25) 0.647 (− 0.53)
Malaria preventive measure (MP)
 IRS 0.372d (−6.12) 0.311c (−2.23) 1.056 (0.10)
 ITNbprim_edu 1.438 (1.42) 1.300 (0.58) 3.544 c (2.57)
 ITNbsec_edu 0.699 (−1.02) 0.711 (−0.63) 0.123 d (−3.23)
BCC strategies
 TV 0.795b (−1.66) 0.611c (−2.09) 0.712 (−0.71)
 Radio 0.989 (−0.08) 0.992 (−0.03) 1.109 (0.24)
 Newspaperbprim_edu 0.194 (0.37) 1.862 (0.391) 1.069 (0.11)
 Newspaper_sec_edu 0.181c (−2.28) 0.314 (−1.08) 0.552 (−0.75)
 Constant 0.218d (−4.02) 0.004c (−2.87) 0.002c (−2.31)
Pseudo R2 0.079 0.091 0.097
Prob > chi2 121.31d 50.83d 43.69d
N 1335 463 664
  1. Source: Author’s own computation from GDHS 2014 data
  2. T-statistics are in parentheses
  3. aPoorest and poorer = poor, middle = middle class, richer and richest = rich
  4. b, c, d Significant at 10, 5 and 1%, respectively
  5. Bolded variables are statistically significant