Skip to main content

Table 4 Logistic regressiona between the onset of chronic diseases and physical activity behaviors 2010 to 2015

From: Physical activity and chronic diseases among older people in a mid-size city in China: a longitudinal investigation of bipolar effects

  Physical Activityb
Initiate PA vs. Sedentary Change vs. Remain Strengthen vs. Lighten
Odds Ratio 95% CI Odds Ratio 95% CI Odds Ratio 95% CI
Any onset 0.75**c 0.57–0.97 1.23* 1.09–1.38 2.53*** 2.08–3.08
Onset of the First 0.77 0.45–1.31 0.83 0.62–1.10 1.95** 1.17–3.24
Onset of the Second 0.94 0.61–1.44 1.10 0.88–1.38 1.89** 1.29–2.77
Onset of the Third 0.60 0.35–1.00 1.23 0.98–1.55 2.13* 1.42–3.19
Types of Diseases
 Overweight 1.10 0.39–3.21 1.99** 1.37–2.89 2.86*** 1.57–5.21
 Hypertension 1.33 0.60–2.96 2.44*** 1.82–3.28 3.22*** 2.08–4.99
 Diabetes 1.03 0.5202.04 0.73* 0.57–0.96 1.71* 1.04–2.84
 Hyperlipidemia 1.11 0.59–2.08 1.59** 1.24–2.02 1.79*** 1.25–2.58
 Cardiovascular Diseases 0.64* 0.41–0.95 0.48*** 0.39–0.58 0.89 0.63–1.25
 Liver& Biliary System Diseases 0.39* 0.16–0.94 0.95 0.67–1.30 1.15 0.68–1.92
 Kidney Function Disorder 0.45 0.16–1.24 0.59** 0.41–0.90 0.75 0.38–1.46
  1. aThree logistic regression models were used to examine the association between the change in PA and the onsets of chronic diseases controlling for age, gender, education, and income
  2. bFor the sedentary individuals at baseline, the response in model 1 was if he/she initiate PA in the following year after the onset of their disease; for the individuals with PA behaviors, the response in model 2 was if he/she changed or remained at their PA level in the following year; for those who did change their PA level in model 2, the response in model 3 was if they increased or decreased their PA level in the following year after the onset of a certain chronic disease
  3. c*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001