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Table 5 Weighted association of socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics with QDG adherence score among Qatari adults

From: Adherence to the Qatar dietary guidelines: a cross-sectional study of the gaps, determinants and association with cardiometabolic risk amongst adults

  Adherence score P-valuea B 95% CI b
mean SD
Socio-demographic characteristics
Sex
 Male 7.01 2.04 0.22
 Female 6.85 2.04 0.05 −0.22;0.32
Age (years)
 18–24 5.80 1.67 0.000**
 25–34 6.54 2.05 −0.02 −0.40;0.36
 35–44 7.59 1.82§ 0.90 0.48;1.32**
 45–54 8.03 1.93§ 1.44 0.97;1.91**
 55–64 7.79 1.75§| 1.41 0.78;2.05**
Education
 Up to high school levelc 6.63 1.93 0.000**  
 University/graduate level 7.34 2.12 0.27 0.02;0.51*
Marital Status
 Not married 5.99 1.92 0.000**
 Married 7.32 1.96 0.83 0.54;1.12**
Employment status
 Not working (including housewife) 6.57 1.92 0.000**
 Working 7.12 2.08 0.48 0.19;0.77**
Parental Consanguinity
 No 6.98 2.11 0.35  
 Yes 6.86 1.94 0.08 −0.15;0.31
Family history of diabetes
 No 6.80 1.96 0.09
 Yes 7.01 2.09 0.12 −0.14;0.37
Family history of High blood pressure
 No 6.84 2.01 0.23
 Yes 6.99 2.06 0.07 −0.18;0.33
Lifestyle characteristics
Smoking Status
 Nonsmoker or past smoker 6.97 2.03 0.23
 Current smoker 6.77 2.10 −0.26 −0.59;0.07
  1. *p < 0.05; ** p <0.001
  2. B: unstandardized regression coefficient, and their 95% confidence intervals
  3. aSignificance is derived from Chi-square test
  4. bResults of the multiple linear regression
  5. cThis category includes: no schooling, elementary, intermediate schooling and high school
  6. †‡§||Different symbols superscripts indicate significantly different numbers (Tukey post-hoc test)