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Table 4 Weighted proportions of Qatari adults (n, %) adhering to recommendations of the Qatar Dietary Guidelines

From: Adherence to the Qatar dietary guidelines: a cross-sectional study of the gaps, determinants and association with cardiometabolic risk amongst adults

Criteria used to assess adherence Total n = 1098 Males n = 565 Females n = 533 p-valueb
Consumption of ≥3 servings of vegetables per day 121 (11) 59 (10.4) 62 (11.6) 0.53
Consumption of ≥2 servings of fruits per day 181 (16.5) 107 (18.9) 74 (13.9) 0.03*
Intake of whole fruits >natural juices (days/week) 372 (33.9) 187 (33.1) 185 (34.7) 0.57
Intake of whole grains > refined grains 162 (14.7) 86 (15.2) 76 (14.3) 0.66
Daily intake of beans 48 (4.4) 19 (3.4) 29 (5.4) 0.09
Daily intake of dairy products 765 (69.7) 358 (63.4) 407 (76.4) 0.000**
Intake of fish ≥ twice/week 599 (54.6) 344 (60.9) 255 (47.8) 0.000**
Intake of fast food <2c days/week 583 (53.1) 287 (50.8) 296 (55.5) 0.12
Intake of sweets <2c days/week 303 (27.6) 190 (33.6) 113 (21.2) 0.000**
Intake of sweetened beverages <2c days/week 551 (50.2) 272 (48.1) 279 (52.3) 0.16
Use of vegetable oil instead of animal fat 1068 (97.2) 557 (98.4) 511 (95.9) 0.01*
Meals outside home <3c meals/week 811 (73.9) 399 (70.6) 412 (77.3) 0.01*
Intake of high fiber foods ≥21d times/week 114 (10.4) 61 (10.8) 53 (9.9) 0.64
Normal Body Mass Index 295 (26.8) 144 (25.4) 151 (28.3) 0.28
Sitting <240c minutes /day 784 (71.4) 410 (72.6) 374 (70.2) 0.38
≥150 min/week of medium aerobic activity or 60 min/week of high aerobic activity 858 (78.1) 482 (85.3) 376 (70.5) 0.000**
  1. Values in this table represent n (%)
  2. bSignificance was derived from chi-square test. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01
  3. cBelongs to the 1st quartile
  4. dBelongs to the 4th quartile