Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of 23 TB targeted testing and linkage to care studies among homeless populations in the United States

From: Care Cascade for targeted tuberculosis testing and linkage to Care in Homeless Populations in the United States: a meta-analysis

Author and year Data collection years City/county, State Target population Recruitment method Number of valid test results
Barry 1986 [15] 1984 Boston, Massachusetts Homeless adults Shelter-based 187
McAdam 1990 [15] 1982-1988 New York, New York Homeless adults Shelter-based 1508
Torres 1990 [16] 1986-1989 New York, New York Individuals staying at a “Gay Mens” Shelter on Ward Island Shelter, and healthcare facility-based 94
Nolan 1991 [17] 1985 Seattle, Washington Homeless men Shelter-based 93
Neims 1992 [18] Not reported Baltimore, Maryland Individuals who spent at least one night in a homeless shelter in the previous year. Shelter, healthcare facility, and other service-based 57
Paul 1993 [20] 1990 New York, New York Homeless men Shelter-based 98
Gelberg 1997 [21] 1991 or 1992- not reported Los Angeles, California Homeless adults Participants were recruited from a separate longitudinal cohort of homeless persons conducted by the RAND Corporation; the RAND cohort was recruited using a combination of shelter-based, meal program-based, and street-based recruitment 260
Morrow 1997 [22] Not reported Yonkers, New York Underserved men and women using the shelter’s services (food, clinic, sleeping there) Shelter-based 95
Sakai 1998 [19] 1996 New Orleans, Louisiana Homeless men Shelter-based 105
Bock 1999 [23] 1994-1996 Atlanta, Georgia “High- risk” inner city residents Healthcare facility-based 2002
Griffin 1999 [24] 1997-1998 Kansasa City, Missouri Homeless adults Shelter-based 654
Kimerling 1999 [25] 1996-1996 Birmingham, Alabama Homeless adults Shelter-based 21
Falchook 2000 [26] 1998-1999 New Orleans, Louisiana Homeless adults Shelter-based 54
Kong 2002 [27] 1995-1998 Denver, Colorado Residents of communal shelters and residential drug and alcohol treatment programs Shelter and other service-based 10,207
Cheung 2002 [28] 1995-2000 Menlo Park, California VA-eligible homeless adults Healthcare facility-based 829
Saez 2002 [32] 1990-1992 New York City, New York Mentally ill homeless men Shelter and healthcare facility-based 75
Forman 2003 [29] 2001 Anchorage, Alaska Homeless adults Shelter-based 47
Valencia 2004 [30] Not reported New York, New York Mentally ill homeless men Shelter-based 173
Dewan 2006 [12] 2003-2005 San Francisco, California Homeless adults Healthcare facility-based 2559
Lashley 2007 [31] 2005-2007 Baltimore, Maryland Homeless adults in or recently graduated from a residential addictions recovery program Shelter-based 282
McAdam 2009 [33] 1992-2006 New York, New York Homeless persons attending shelters and drop-in facilities Shelter and other service-based 21,028
Alexander 2011 [11] 2009-2011 County not reported, Indiana Homeless adults Shelter-based with street outreach component: health fairs and another event offering legal, social and health services to the homeless. 1421
Higashi 2014 [13] 2005-2009 San Francisco, California Homeless adults Healthcare facility-based 10,935