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Table 3 Baseline physical health by treatment group or gender

From: A RCT to evaluate a totally automated, culturally-adapted telephone counselor for increasing physical activity among physically inactive individuals in China

  % or Mean (SD)   % or Mean (SD)  
  All (n = 210) Intervention (n = 109) Control (n = 101) p* Male (n = 76) Female (n = 134) p*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 113.8 (13.03) 114.8 (13.84) 112.8 (12.09) NS 118.2 (10.80) 111.4 (13.57) < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 75.4 (9.17) 75.8 (9.87) 74.9 (8.38) NS 78.2 (7.38) 73.8 (9.71) < 0.001
Heart rate (bpm) 72.8 (7.30) 72.3 (7.43) 73.4 (7.14) NS 73.6 (7.00) 72.3 (7.45) NS
Height (cm) 162.5 (7.33) 162.9 (6.99) 162.1 (7.68) NS 169.4 (5.78) 158.6 (4.79) < 0.001
Weight (kg) 61.7 (10.83) 62.3 (11.53) 61.1 (10.03) NS 70.2 (10.69) 56.9 (7.40) < 0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 81.6 (9.68) 81.8 (10.75) 81.5 (8.43) NS 87.7 (9.76) 78.2 (7.78) < 0.001
Hip circumference (cm) 95.5 (6.66) 95.7 (6.48) 95.3 (6.87) NS 97.9 (7.49) 94.2 (5.76) < 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.3 (2.94) 23.4 (3.19) 23.1 (2.66) NS 24.4 (3.10) 22.6 (2.65) < 0.001
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.85 (0.643) 0.85 (0.07) 0.85 (0.06) NS 0.89 (0.052) 0.83 (0.058) < 0.001
Obesity status     NS    < 0.001
Normal weight 50.5 51.4 49.5   34.2 59.7  
 Overweight ([23–25) kg/m2) 23.2 22.0 24.8   26.3 21.6  
 Obese (> = 25 kg/m2) 26.2 26.6 25.7   39.5 18.7  
  1. Study was conducted at Shenzhen, China between July and August 2009
  2. NS: p >0.05
  3. * Pearson Χ2 for obesity status, Student’s t-test for all others