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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted ORs for predictors of elevated capillary blood glucose in overweight employees

From: Predictors of elevated capillary blood glucose in overweight railway French employees: a cross-sectional analysis

  Unadjusted ORs
(95% CI)
p value Adjusted ORs
(95% CI)
p value
Variables
Sex
 Women 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Men 1.89 (1.39–2.58) < 0.001 1.66 (1.21–2.28) < 0.01
Age (years)
  < 30 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 31–39 0.89 (0.56–1.43) 0.63 0.89 (0.55–1.43) 0.62
 40–49 1.46 (0.92–2.30) 0.11 1.42 (0.89–2.25) 0.14
 ≥ 50 1.70 (1.08–2.68) < 0.05 1.61 (1.01–2.55) < 0.05
Marital status
 Married/living with a partner 1 (reference) 0.70   
 Single 1.06 (0.79–1.41)    
Professional grade
 Low 1 (reference)    
 Intermediate 0.87 (0.68–1.11) 0.26   
 High 0.82 (0.64–1.06) 0.14   
Job sector
 Administrative staff 1 (reference)    
 Freight 1.01 (0.58–1.77) 0.97   
 Infrastructure 1.18 (0.83–1.68) 0.35   
 Material 1.35 (0.91–2.01) 0.14   
 Traction 1.02 (0.65–1.60) 0.94   
 Transportation 1.19 (0.81–1.74) 0.38   
 Security 1.08 (0.45–2.59) 0.87   
Job seniority (years)
 ≤ 10 1 (reference)    
 11–20 1.16 (0.85–1.59) 0.35   
 21–30 1.49 (1.09–2.04) < 0.05   
 ≥ 30 1.71 (1.24–2.36) < 0.01   
Work schedule
 Day only 1 (reference)    
 Shift work 0.90 (0.69–1.17) 0.42   
 Rotating shift work 1.12 (0.84–1.49) 0.44   
 Night only 1.44 (0.66–3.12) 0.36   
BMI (kg/m2)
 25 to 27.4 1 (reference)    
 27.5 to 29.9 1.21 (0.99–1.49) 0.07   
Waist circumference
 Normal 1 (reference)    
 Elevated 1.06 (0.86–1.32) 0.58   
Blood pressure
 Normal 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 High 1.54 (1.24–1.92) < 0.001 1.35 (1.07–1.69) < 0.05
Risk of sleep apnoea
 Low 1 (reference)    
 High 1.23 (0.94–1.60) 0.12   
Physical activity
 Inactive 1 (reference)    
 Moderately inactive 1.15 (0.86–1.54) 0.34   
 Moderately active 1.08 (0.82–1.42) 0.59   
 Active 0.98 (0.74–1.32) 0.91   
Diet
Cereals/bread
 Never or less than 3 times per week 1 (reference)    
 3 to 6 times per week 0.80 (0.51–1.26) 0.34   
 1 or 2 times per day 0.90 (0.61–1.34) 0.63   
 At least, three times per day 0.97 (0.64–1.45) 0.87   
Rice/pasta
 Never or less than 3 times per week 1 (reference)    
 3 to 6 times per week 0.95 (0.69–1.31) 0.76   
 1 or 2 times per day 0.97 (0.68–1.38) 0.85   
 At least, three times per day 1.61 (0.55–4.76) 0.39   
Dairy products
 Never or less than 3 times per week 1 (reference)    
 3 to 6 times per week 0.94 (0.64–1.40) 0.77   
 1 or 2 times per day 1.02 (0.72–1.46) 0.90   
 At least, three times per day 0.82 (0.51–1.31) 0.40   
Fruits and vegetables
 Never or less than 3 times per week 1 (reference)    
 3 to 6 times per week 0.95 (0.65–1.38) 0.77   
 1 or 2 times per day 0.81 (0.55–1.18) 0.26   
 At least, three times per day 0.67 (0.41–1.13) 0.13   
Meat and poultry, eggs and fish
 Never or less than 3 times per week 1 (reference)    
 3 to 6 times per week 0.76 (0.49–1.17) 0.21   
 1 or 2 times per day 0.68 (0.45–1.04) 0.08   
 At least, three times per day 0.73 (0.30–1.74) 0.47   
Ready-to-eat food
 Never or less than 3 times per week 1 (reference)    
 3 to 6 times per week 0.90 (0.69–1.20) 0.48   
 1 or 2 times per day 1.74 (0.97–3.11) 0.06   
Sugary food
 Never or less than 3 times per week 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 3 to 6 times per week 1.14 (0.89–1.46) 0.28 1.20 (0.94–1.54) 0.14
 Once per day or more 1.48 (1.14–1.92) < 0.01 1.53 (1.17–2.00) < 0.01
You add to your meals…
Salt
 Never/sometimes 1 (reference)    
 Often/always 0.99 (0.80–1.23) 0.95   
You drink…
Sugary drinks
 Never or less than 3 times per week 1 (reference)    
 3 to 6 times per week 1.14 (0.85–1.54) 0.38   
 1 or 2 times per day 1.10 (0.84–1.44) 0.48   
 At least, three times per day 1.57 (1.17–2.10) < 0.01   
Alcoholic beverages
 Never or less than 3 times per week 1 (reference)    
 3 times or more per week 1.29 (1.04–1.60) < 0.05