Skip to main content

Table 2 Path analysis of the relationship between motivation, weekly MVPA, and acute T2D symptoms (N = 165)

From: Motivational profiles, accelerometer-derived physical activity, and acute diabetes-related symptoms in adults with type 2 diabetes

Outcome Predictor B S.-E. Β Bootstrapped CI 95%
Motivation = > Weekly MVPA
 Weekly MVPA Sex −65.89 16.18 −0.57*** [− 0.82, − 0.32]
BMI −2.91 1.27 −0.03* [− 0.05, 0.00]
Intrinsic regulation 18.12 5.42 0.16*** [0.07, 0.24]
Identified regulation −16.17 9.27 −0.14 [−0.24, − 0.07]
Introjected regulation −1.90 5.64 −0.02 [−0.17, 0.10]
External regulation −17.88 5.34 −0.16*** [−0.29, 0.01]
Amotivation −3.96 7.81 −0.03 [−0.11, 0.08]
Weekly MVPA = > acute T2D symptoms
 Fatigue BMI 0.02 0.05 0.02 [−0.01, 0.04]
Weekly MVPA −0.00 0.00 −0.22*** [−0.33, − 0.12]
 Cognitive distress BMI 0.01 0.05 0.01 [−0.02, 0.03]
Weekly MVPA −0.00 0.00 −0.19*** [−0.29, − 0.09]
 Hypoglycemia BMI −0.00 0.02 −0.00 [− 0.02, 0.02]
Weekly MVPA 0.00 0.00 −0.07 [−0.20, 0.06]
 Hyperglycemia BMI 0.02 0.05 0.02 [−0.01, 0.04]
Weekly MVPA −0.00 0.00 −0.16* [−0.28, − 0.03]
Indirect effects of motivation on acute T2D symptoms via Weekly MVPA a
 Fatigue Intrinsic regulation −0.03 0.01 −0.04* [− 0.06, − 0.01]
External regulation 0.03 0.01 0.04* [0.01, 0.06]
 Cognitive distress Intrinsic regulation −0.03 0.01 −0.03* [− 0.05, − 0.01]
External regulation 0.03 0.01 0.03* [0.01, 0.05]
 Hyperglycemia Intrinsic regulation −0.02 0.01 −0.03* [−0.05, 0.00]
External regulation 0.02 0.01 0.03* [0.00, 0.05]
  1. Note. Results of an ANOVA showed that sex was significantly associated with Weekly MVPA while results of a correlational analysis showed that BMI was related to this same outcome as well as to the overall T2D related symptoms. Therefore, the path analysis was controlling for sex and BMI. Bootstrapping procedures with a sample size of 10,000 was used following Chernick’s (2007) recommendations to examine indirect effects. Weekly MVPA: over the entire period the accelerometer was worn, average number of minutes spent practicing MVPA per week. CI; confidence interval
  2. aOnly significant indirect effects are reported
  3. * p < 0.05, *** p < 0.001