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Fig. 2 | BMC Public Health

Fig. 2

From: Subsistence difficulties are associated with more barriers to quitting and worse abstinence outcomes among homeless smokers: evidence from two studies in Boston, Massachusetts

Fig. 2

Associations between subsistence difficulty level and specific smoking cessation barriers in the cross-sectional survey sample (N = 306). Abbreviations: AOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval

Analytic notes: AORs are from ordinal logistic regression models, each controlling for age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, past-month work, past-month income, general health status, drug use severity, alcohol use severity, psychiatric symptom severity, and nicotine dependence. Odds ratios from ordinal logistic regression models represent both the odds of reporting a large or small barrier vs. no barrier and the odds of reporting a large barrier vs. a small or no barrier. The score test of proportional odds was significant for “cost of cessation medications.” Alternative model specifications (see text) did not alter the inference. Due to the exploratory nature of these analyses, the significance level was not adjusted for multiple comparisons.

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