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Table 3 Nutrient contents between observed and optimised daily food intake patterns

From: Optimal dietary patterns designed from local foods to achieve maternal nutritional goals

  Pregnant mothers 19–50 years (n = 75) Lactating mothers 19–50 years (n = 75)
Nutrients Observedb Optimised Observedb Optimised
Energy (Kcal/day) 2713.3 2156.9 2721.4 2374.2
Protein (g/day) 80.0 95.8 72.2 99.4
Calcium (mg/day) 887.5a 1457.9 787.1a 1760.4
Iron (mg/day) 21.3a 24.7a 18.6a 26.1a
Zinc (mg/day) 11.8a 12.3a 80.8 75.2
Copper (mg/day) 2.8 2.8 2.3 2.7
Magnesium (mg/day) 616.8 668.9 563.8 711.6
Manganese (mg/day) 12.8 13.3 9.5 11.6
Phosphorus (mg/day) 1758.8 2004.1 1461.2 1927.4
Potassium (mg/day) 2682.4a 3469.7a 2996.1a 5690.2
Sodium (g/day) 1009.1 284.7 1319.4 348.2
Folate (μg/day) 255.7a 442.2a 361.7a 752.9
Niacin (mgNE/day) 17.6a 18.9 62.6 21.5
Vitamin A (μgRE/day) 275.8a 1167.3 933.3 2552.0
Vitamin B1 (mg/day) 2.2 2.5 2.0 2.5
Vitamin B2 (mg/day) 3.2 7.8 4.7 9.7
Vitamin B6 (mg/day) 1.7a 2.0 1.9a 3.4
Vitamin B12 (μg/day) 2.7 6.2 2.1a 6.4
Vitamin C (mg/day) 43.6a 121.0 99.0 253.0
Vitamin D (μg/day) 0.6a 1.5a 2.1a 5.7
Vitamin E (mg/day) 4.0a 7.4a 6.5a 10.3a
Pantothenic acid (mg/day) 5.5a 5.3a 4.2a 5.0a
  1. aNutrients not meeting the recommended nutrient intakes (RNIs)
  2. bObserved intake of nutrients in each group was based on the median population intake of nutrients