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Table 2 Comparison of food quantities (g/day) between observed and optimised food intakes

From: Optimal dietary patterns designed from local foods to achieve maternal nutritional goals

   Pregnant mothers 19–50 years (n = 75) Lactating mothers 19–50 years (n = 75)
Food group Food subgroup Observed Optimised Observed Optimised
Cereals and cereal products 1255.3 434.3 1201.3 306.1
  Refined grains 277.9 0.0 566.0 0.0
  Whole grains 977.5 434.3 635.3 306.1
Roots, tubers and plantains 230.8 80.0 406.5 599.0
  Banana plantain 70.8 0.0 212.0 296.8
  Irish potatoes 160.0 80.0 50.0 71.0
  Cassava tubers 0.0 0.0 124 223.2
  Sweet potatoes 0.0 0.0 20.5 8.0
Pulses, nuts and seeds 76.6 90.8 64.8 92.3
  Bambara nuts 16.0 28.8a 32.0 32.0a
  Dried beans 30.3 50.0a 25.0 50.0a
  Groundnuts 30.3 12.0a 7.8 10.3a
Vegetables 187.9 408.0 413.8 633.4
  Green and yellow vegetables 182.6 392.0a 409.0 576.8a
  Other vegetables 5.3 16.0a 4.8 56.6a
Fruits   8.0 16.0 4.0 8.0
  Baobab powder 8.0 16.0a 4.0 8.0a
Meat, poultry and insects 20.0 20.1 20.0 25.0
  Beef 20.0 20.1a 20.0 25.0a
Eggs Egg 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fish and seafood 42.2 62.3 32.0 111.5
  Fish, dried 0.0 0.0 0.0 62.0a
  Sardines, dried 42.2 62.3a 32.0 49.5a
Milk and dairy products 30.3 45.0 0.0 0.0
  Cow milk 30.3 45.0 0.0 0.0
Fats and oils 7.0 2.2 7.6 2.7
  Vegetable oil 7.0 2.2 7.6 2.7
Sweets   23.3 14.2 21.0 0.0
  Sugar 23.3 14.2 21.0 0.0
Spices, condiments and beverages 3.2 1.1 2.5 0.7
  Ginger 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
  Table salt 2.3 0.9 1.9 0.7
  Tea, black 0.9 0.2 0.6 0.0
Total cost TZS (USD)   3200 (1.6) 5000 (2.5) 2300 (1.2) 3600 (1.8)
  1. a 90th percentile upper limit constraint was reached for the food group and subgroup patterns