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Table 6 Stillbirths, early neonatal, neonatal and perinatal mortality, by gender, in the study area, Tehsil Havelian, District Abbottabad, Pakistan 2015/16c

From: Under-estimation of maternal and perinatal mortality revealed by an enhanced surveillance system: enumerating all births and deaths in Pakistan

Events Total Females Males p-valued Male: Female
n Rate 95% CI n Rate 95% CI n Rate 95% CI
Stillbirthsa 239 32 28–35 92 25 20–30 147 38 32–44 0.001 1.58
Early NMb 215 30 26–33 82 23 18–02 133 36 30–42 0.003 1.57
NMb 290 40 35–44 134 38 31–04 156 42 36–49 0.329 1.11
PMa 454 60 55–66 174 48 41–55 280 73 64–81 < 0.001 1.52
Denominators (n)
 Total births 7512   3655   3857    
 Live births 7273   3566   3707    
  1. Abbreviations: CI Confidence Interval, NM Neonatal Mortality, PM Perinatal Mortality
  2. aper 1000 total births
  3. bper 1000 live births
  4. cJune 2015 to May 2016
  5. dderived from chi-square
  6. Bold: significant at p < 0.05