Skip to main content

Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of 380 adults 30–75 y/o living in Puerto Rico

From: Health conditions and lifestyle risk factors of adults living in Puerto Rico: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic All
(n = 380)
Men
(n = 131)
Women (n = 249) p-value
Age, years 51.5 (11.2) 51.8 (11.3) 51.3 (11.2) 0.69
Rural area of residence, % 15.9 18.3 14.6 0.34
Ethnicity, %
 Puerto Rican 81.6 81.7 81.5 0.87
 Dominican 14.5 13.7 14.9  
 United States/Other 4.0 4.6 3.6  
Marital status, %     0.03
 Married/living with partner 42.8 52.0 38.0  
 Divorced/separated/widowed 20.9 15.8 23.6  
 Single 36.3 32.3 38.4  
Education, %
 No schooling or < 8th grade 11.9 15.2 10.3 0.008
 9th – 11th grade 6.2 7.2 5.7  
 12th grade 24.9 33.6 20.5  
 Some college or college degree 46.3 34.4 52.5  
 Graduate school 10.6 9.6 11.1  
Household income, %
 $0–$10,000 59.9 52.8 63.7 0.18
 $10,001–$20,000 21.2 26.9 18.1  
 $20,001–$50,000 14.1 13.9 14.2  
  > $50,000 4.8 6.5 3.9  
Employment, %
 Currently employed 36.6 36.6 36.6 0.63
 Retired/stay-at-home 48.2 45.8 49.4  
 Unemployed 15.3 17.6 14.1  
Health insurance, %     0.83
 Government-assisted 55.4 53.3 56.6  
 Private 37.1 38.3 36.4  
 No health insurance 7.6 8.3 7.1  
Living alone, % 24.7 29.8 22.1 0.10
Number of people in household 2.6 (1.8) 2.5 (1.8) 2.6 (1.8) 0.50
Food security and assistance, %
 Frequent food insufficiency 14.5 15.5 14.0 0.93
 SNAP food assistancea 51.1 44.4 54.5 0.07
 WIC food assistancea 6.8 3.2 8.6 0.05
Use of technology, %
 Has cellphone 91.3 92.0 90.9 0.73
 Uses texting 75.5 75.4 75.5 0.99
 Uses Internet 55.2 53.6 56.0 0.66
Migration history, %
 Lived in PR most of their life 88.6 87.2 89.3 0.41
 Lived in US at least one year 27.8 32.8 25.1 0.12
 Plans to move from PR 17.6 20.7 16.0 0.28
  1. Shown as mean (standard deviation) or percent, as assessed from a cross-sectional convenience sample of 380 adults aged 30-75y recruited in 2015 from primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area
  2. aDetermined as positive if any member of the household currently received benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) or the Women, Infant and Children program (WIC)