Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean and 95% Confidence Interval for the Norm and Social Support Measures Presented by Participant Characteristic

From: Examining neighborhood and interpersonal norms and social support on fruit and vegetable intake in low-income communities

  Neighborhood Injunctive norm for F&V Neighborhood Descriptive Norm F&V Neighborhood Social support for F&V Family Norm for F&V Family and Peer Social Support for F&V
Gender
 Male 3.04 (2.77, 3.32) 3.37 (3.01, 3.73) 1.80 (1.52, 2.27) 4.05 (3.70, 4.41) 2.80 (2.49, 3.11)
 Female 3.25 (3.11, 3.39) 3.31 (3.13, 3.49) 1.70 (1.56, 1.84) 4.05 (3.87, 4.23) 2.50 (2.35, 2.66)
Age group
 18–29 3.13 (2.82, 3.43) 3.35 (2.95, 3.75) 1.79 (1.48, 2.17) 4.42 (4.03, 4.81) 2.81 (2.47, 3.16)
 30–39 3.23 (2.92, 3.55) 3.42 (3.01, 3.83) 1.43 (1.12, 1.74) 4.33 (3.93, 4.74) 2.69 (2.33, 3.25)
 40–49 3.13 (2.81, 3.45) 3.26 (2.83, 3.68) 1.61 (1.29, 1.93) 4.00 (3.59, 4.41) 2.65 (2.28, 3.62)
 50–59 3.58 (3.27, 3.89) 3.37 (2.96, 3.78) 1.75 (1.43, 2.56) 3.85 (3.45, 4.25) 2.39 (2.04, 2.74)
 60–69 3.15 (2.86, 3.43) 3.41 (3.03, 3.78) 1.81 (1.52, 2.12) 3.96 (3.60, 4.33) 2.44 (2.11, 2.77)
 70–79 3.09 (2.72, 3.46) 3.52 (3.03, 4.35) 1.93 (1.56, 2.32) 3.97 (3.50, 4.44) 2.44 (2.02, 2.86)
 80+ 3.00 (2.54, 3.46) 2.57 (1.97, 3.18) 1.81 (1.35, 2.27) 3.52 (2.93, 4.11) 2.43 (1.91, 2.95)
Hispanic
 Yes 3.32 (3.13, 3.52) 3.64 (3.39, 3.89)a 1.84 (1.64, 2.63) 4.26 (4.02, 4.51)a 2.82 (2.60, 3.54)a
 No 3.13 (2.97, 3.29) 3.11 (2.90, 3.32)b 1.64 (1.48, 1.82) 3.91 (3.70, 4.11)b 2.39 (2.21, 2.57)b
Race
 White 3.24 (3.09, 3.39) 3.30 (3.11, 3.49) 1.71 (1.57, 1.86) 3.96 (3.77, 4.15) 2.54 (2.36, 2.78)
 Black 3.31 (2.85, 3.77) 3.48 (2.87, 4.28) 1.78 (1.32, 2.24) 4.10 (3.50, 4.69) 2.50 (1.97, 3.52)
 Asian 4.00 (2.52, 5.48) 2.50 (0.54, 4.46) 2.83 (1.34, 4.33) 4.50 (2.57, 6.43) 3.25 (1.55, 4.95)
 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2.00 (0.52, 3.48) 2.00 (0.04, 3.96) 2.00 (0.51, 3.49) 5.00 (3.07, 6.93) 3.50 (1.80, 5.20)
 American Indian or Alaska Native 2.00 (0.95, 3.15) 3.00 (1.61, 4.39) 2.50 (1.44, 3.56) 4.50 (3.14, 5.86) 2.69 (1.49, 3.89)
 Mixed 3.18 (2.82, 3.55) 3.18 (2.70, 3.66) 1.61 (1.24, 1.97) 4.27 (3.80, 4.75) 2.56 (2.14, 2.98)
 Other 3.07 (2.62, 3.52) 3.86 (3.27, 4.45) 1.65 (1.20, 2.11) 4.32 (3.73, 4.96) 2.72 (2.20, 3.23)
Language
 English onlya 3.10 (2.94, 3.27) 3.16 (2.95, 3.38)c 1.60 (1.44, 1.77) 4.06 (3.85, 4.27) 2.42 (2.23, 2.68)d,e
 Spanish onlyb 3.65 (3.18, 4.12) 3.50 (2.89, 4.11) 1.55 (1.08, 2.32) 3.95 (3.34, 4.56) 2.21 (1.69, 2.73)d,e
 Both, more English than Spanishc 3.25 (2.85, 3.65) 3.96 (3.45,4.48)a,f 1.70 (1.30, 2.18) 4.07 (3.56, 4.58) 2.54 (2.09, 2.98)d
 Both, equal amountsd 3.10 (2.63, 3.57) 3.65 (3.04, 4.26) 2.13 (1.66, 2.66) 4.25 (3.64, 4.86) 3.48 (2.95, 4.29)a,b,c,f
 Both, more Spanish than Englishe 3.43 (3.07, 3.79) 3.59 (3.11, 4.96) 2.12 (1.76, 2.48) 4.38 (3.92, 4.85) 2.89 (2.49, 3.29)a,b
 Otherf 3.25 (2.84, 3.66) 2.92 (2.39, 3.46)c 1.78 (1.37, 2.19) 3.46 (2.93, 3.99) 2.62 (2.15, 3.77)d
Employment status
 Full time 3.47 (2.92, 4.31) 3.07 (2.35, 3.78) 1.62 (1.07, 2.17) 3.47 (2.77, 4.17) 2.48 (1.86, 3.16)
 Part time 3.17 (2.78, 3.56) 2.93 (2.42, 3.44) 1.67 (1.27, 2.36) 4.31 (3.81, 4.81) 2.90 (2.45, 3.34)
 Unemployed 3.22 (2.95, 3.49) 3.53 (3.17, 3.89) 1.74 (1.46, 2.42) 4.29 (3.93, 4.64) 2.61 (2.30, 2.92)
 Disabled 3.38 (3.15, 3.66) 3.52 (3.23, 3.81) 1.76 (1.54, 1.99) 3.94 (3.66, 4.23) 2.58 (2.32, 2.83)
 Retired 2.98 (2.72, 3.24) 3.14 (2.80, 3.48) 1.77 (1.51, 2.14) 3.98 (3.65, 4.32) 2.37 (2.07, 2.66)
 Student/Homemaker 3.06 (2.69, 3.43) 3.25 (2.76, 3.74) 1.56 (1.19, 1.94) 4.09 (3.61, 4.57) 2.58 (2.15, 3.52)
Education
  < First grade-9th gradeg 3.40 (3.16, 3.64) 3.49 (3.18, 3.86)i 1.87 (1.62, 2.17) 4.22 (3.91, 4.53) 2.54 (2.26, 2.81)
 Grades 10-12h 3.16 (2.98, 3.33) 3.51 (3.29, 3.73)i 1.76 (1.59, 1.93) 4.01 (3.79, 4.23) 2.55 (2.35, 2.74)
 Vocational/Tech/some collegei 3.14 (2.85, 3.44) 2.60 (2.22,2.97)g,h 1.43 (1.14, 1.72) 3.88 (3.51, 4.26) 2.52 (2.19, 2.86)
 Bachelor’s Degree/Post-graduatej 2.75 (2.08, 3.42) 3.00 (2.15, 3.85) 1.50 (0.84, 2.16) 4.20 (3.33, 5.86) 3.23 (2.47, 3.98)
Income (yearly)
  < $6000j 3.41 (2.91, 3.91) 3.71 (3.02, 4.39) 2.10 (1.58, 2.62) 4.65 (4.00, 5.29) 3.13 (2.57, 3.69)l,m
 $,6000-$11,9999k 3.33 (3.12, 3.54) 3.30 (3.01, 3.59) 1.91 (1.69, 2.13) 4.22 (3.94, 4.59) 2.69 (2.45, 2.93)l
 $12,000-$17,999l 3.30 (3.06, 3.54) 3.32 (3.00, 3.65) 1.62 (1.37, 1.87) 3.81 (3.50, 4.12) 2.31 (2.04, 2.58)j,k
 $18,000 + m 3.03 (2.76, 3.31) 3.45 (3.08, 3.82) 1.59 (1.30, 1.87) 4.14 (3.79, 4.49) 2.45 (2.14, 2.75)j
  1. a–fdenote significant differences between language groups p < 0.05
  2. g–idenote significant differences between education levels p < 0.01
  3. j–mdenote significant differences by income level p < 0.05