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Table 6 Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between the different anthropometric measures and cardiovascular mortality for men and women; the second quartile was set as the reference category

From: New indexes of body fat distribution and sex-specific risk of total and cause-specific mortality: a prospective cohort study

Cardiovascular mortality Men Women
HR 95% CI p-value HR 95% CI p-value
Body mass index
 1st quartile 0.94 0.72 1.22 0.627 1.34 0.91 1.97 0.133
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 0.92 0.74 1.16 0.493 1.16 0.86 1.56 0.339
 4th quartile 1.30 1.06 1.61 0.013 1.46 1.09 1.97 0.012
Body adiposity index
 1st quartile 1.17 0.85 1.60 0.338 0.72 0.46 1.15 0.167
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 1.29 1.01 1.66 0.043 0.83 0.62 1.12 0.227
 4th quartile 1.54 1.22 1.96 <.0001 1.14 0.86 1.51 0.365
Waist circumference
 1st quartile 0.80 0.60 1.08 0.144 1.02 0.64 1.62 0.937
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 0.97 0.77 1.21 0.778 1.36 1.01 1.85 0.045
 4th quartile 1.28 1.04 1.57 0.018 1.70 1.27 2.28 <.0001
Waist to hip ratio
 1st quartile 0.86 0.63 1.18 0.348 0.79 0.50 1.25 0.309
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 1.05 0.84 1.31 0.693 1.20 0.88 1.65 0.249
 4th quartile 1.33 1.07 1.64 0.009 1.66 1.24 2.22 0.009
Waist to height ratio
 1st quartile 0.87 0.61 1.25 0.460 0.82 0.48 1.41 0.476
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 1.14 0.90 1.44 0.280 1.23 0.90 1.68 0.196
 4th quartile 1.56 1.25 1.94 <.0001 1.62 1.20 2.19 0.002
  1. Values are adjusted for age, survey, education level, alcohol intake, smoking status, physical activity, and time/smoking status interaction